Energy Consumption and Food Price: A Quantile Regression Approach on Iranian Data

Publish Year: 1400
نوع سند: مقاله ژورنالی
زبان: English
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شناسه ملی سند علمی:

JR_JASTMO-23-6_002

تاریخ نمایه سازی: 23 آبان 1402

Abstract:

Energy and agriculture sectors play a key role in Iran's economy as the former provides considerable share of the public budget and the latter contributes significantly to employment, non-oil exports, and food self-sufficiency. Iranian government is following an energy subsidy targeting policy to increase energy (especially exhaustible ones) efficiency. Obviously, this will influence, among others, energy price and consumption, cost of production and, finally, food price. Therefore, the current study focused on the nexus between energy consumption and food price in Iranian agriculture. Since such relationships may differ as food consumption varies, the quantile regression model was applied and estimated using data for the period ۱۹۶۶-۲۰۱۷. Main findings revealed the direct and significant impact of energy consumption and globalization index on food price in the ۰.۷۵th quantile, while exchange rate showed the same effect in ۰.۲۵th and ۰.۷۵th quantiles. Furthermore, money supply was explored as another driver for food price in all quantiles.

Keywords:

Energy and food price nexus , Globalization index , Iranian economy , Iran.

Authors

A. Anooshehpour

Department of Agricultural Economics, Extension and Education, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran.

R. Moghaddasi

Department of Agricultural Economics, Extension and Education, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran.

A. Mohammadinejad

Department of Agricultural Economics, Extension and Education, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran.

S. Yazdani

Department of Agricultural Economics, University of Tehran, Karaj, Islamic Republic of Iran.

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