Study of the gastrointestinal parasites in the feces of wild and domestic waterfowl with a focus on zoonotic parasites in Ahvaz, Iran

Publish Year: 1402
نوع سند: مقاله ژورنالی
زبان: English
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JR_JZD-7-4_005

تاریخ نمایه سازی: 24 آبان 1402

Abstract:

Due to the importance of parasitic infections in birds and the increasing growth of waterfowl breeding, especially goose and duck, this study aimed to investigate gastrointestinal parasites, including worms and protozoa in the feces of some species of wild and domestic waterfowl with a focus on zoonotic parasites. In this study, ۱۰۰ fecal samples were collected from eight different wild and domestic waterfowl species in Ahvaz, including domestic goose, wild goose, domestic duck, wild duck, swan, pelican, and Ukrainian goose, and to identify gastrointestinal parasites. The samples were evaluated using the Clayton- Lane method and modified Ziehl-Neelsen and Trichrome staining methods.  SPSS Statistics ۱۸.۰ software was used for statistical analysis. Out of ۱۰۰ fecal samples, ۱۷ samples (۱۷%) were positive for gastrointestinal parasites. Fourteen samples (۱۴%) were infected with Eimeria spp., and three samples (۳%) were infected with Giardia species. Among the different species of waterfowl that were positive, pelicans had the highest rate of infection (۵۷.۲۸ %). The highest rate of parasitic infection in waterfowl was related to protozoan infections, and the highest rate of protozoan infection was associated with Eimeria (۱۴%).  Of the positive cases, only four had clinical symptoms such as lethargy, anorexia, and diarrhea, and the rest of the positive cases were from apparently healthy birds. Considering that most parasitic infections have been detected in apparently healthy birds, it is recommended to observe hygiene and to disinfect cages regularly and also reduce the density of birds. Due to the zoonotic potential of Giardia and due to the contamination of some birds in bird shops with this parasite, this issue should be considered by public health officials, bird shops, owners, and breeders of these birds.

Authors

Forough Talazade

Department of Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran

Mohammad Hossein Razi Jalali

Department of Pathobiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran

Ali Seydali

Department of Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran

Fatemeh Khajeh

Department of Pathobiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran

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