Evaluation of the Relation between Treatment Results and Predictive Factors in Metastatic and High Risk Gestational Trophoblastic Neoplasia

Publish Year: 1398
نوع سند: مقاله ژورنالی
زبان: English
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شناسه ملی سند علمی:

JR_MISJ-10-3_006

تاریخ نمایه سازی: 25 آبان 1402

Abstract:

Background: High risk gestational trophoblastic neoplasia is considered a treatable malignancy due to recent advancements in chemotherapy. This report describes treatment outcomes as a predictor of prognosis in one institute. Methods: We performed a retrospective analysis of the treatment results from ۴۱ patients diagnosed with high risk and metastatic gestational trophoblastic neoplasia who received treatment at Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran from January, ۲۰۰۸ to May, ۲۰۱۴. Results: Patients had a mean age of ۳۱.۳۱ years. Average treatment time was ۳.۵ months. Within the participants; ۱۹ patients with World Health Organization scores over ۷; received methotrexate at the first line of treatment. ۱۱ cases (۲۶.۸%) of the ۱۹ patients with single agent chemotherapy showed resistance. The patients who were resistant to treatment received a combination chemotherapy as the second line of treatment. The response rate of the etoposide, methotrexate, actinomycin D, cyclophosphamide and oncovin chemotherapy regimen as the first line of treatment was ۹۳.۷%, which decreased to approximately ۸۳.۳% when administered as the second line of treatment. There were ۷۶.۴% of cases in remission at the one year follow-up and a successful pregnancy rate of ۱۷.۵%. A statistically significant relation existed between chemotherapy response rate with disease stage, score, site, and number of metastases (P<۰.۰۵). Conclusion: The World Health Organization/International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics staging-scoring system is appropriate for gestational trophoblastic neoplasia management. The etoposide, methotrexate, actinomycin D, cyclophosphamide, and oncovin regimen showed superior efficacy. The importance of accurate patient selection for adjuvant surgery in high risk gestational trophoblastic neoplasia cannot be emphasized.

Authors

Malihe Hasanzadeh

Gheam Hospital, Women’s Health Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran

Fariba Samadi

Gheam Hospital, Women’s Health Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran

Leila Mousavi Seresht

Gheam Hospital, Women’s Health Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran

Fatemeh Homaee Shandiz

Gheam Hospital, Women’s Health Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran