Investigating the mediating roles of emotional loneliness and physical activity in social support and marital satisfaction of the elderly

Publish Year: 1399
نوع سند: مقاله ژورنالی
زبان: English
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شناسه ملی سند علمی:

JR_IJOHP-3-2_010

تاریخ نمایه سازی: 27 آبان 1402

Abstract:

Objective: One of the most important social factors that have been consistently identified as a predictor of healthy aging is marriage satisfaction. Therefore, the purpose of the present study was to investigate the effect of social support on marital satisfaction with mediating role of emotional loneliness and physical activity.Method: This study was descriptive and correlational based on structural equations. The statistical population consisted of all the elderly in the care centers of Shahrekord and Farsan in ۲۰۱۹, among whom ۱۸۰ individuals were selected randomly. The participants filled out research instruments including Relationship Assessment scale (Hendrick, ۱۹۹۸), Perceived Social Support scale (Zimet, et al., ۱۹۸۸), Adult’s Social and Emotional Loneliness scale (DiTommasso, et al., ۲۰۰۴), and Leisure-time Activities scale (Godin, ۱۹۸۵). Structural equation modeling (SEM) was used through SPSS (version ۲۳) and AMOS (version ۲۳) software to analyze the data.Findings: The results demonstrated direct effect of social support, emotional loneliness and physical activity on marital satisfaction (p <۰.۰۰۱), and indirect effect of perceived social support on marital satisfaction through emotional loneliness and physical activity (p <.۰۵).Conclusion: The SEM results of the current study support the proposed model which explains the interrelationships between perceived social support, loneliness, physical activity, and marital satisfaction. According to the findings of the present study, it is suggested to pay more attention to the variables of social support, emotional loneliness and physical activity in order to improve the marital relationships of the elderly. The findings of this study can help psychologists and other caretakers create more effective family matter programs for the older generations to enhance their marital satisfaction.

Authors

mehdi Omidian

Phd of Psychology, Semnan University