The Correlation of Opium Addiction with the Occurrence of Staghorn Renal Stones

Publish Year: 1402
نوع سند: مقاله ژورنالی
زبان: English
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تاریخ نمایه سازی: 29 آبان 1402


Introduction: To evaluate the effect of opiate addiction on the occurrence of staghorn renal stones.Methods: In a case-control study from January ۲۰۲۰ to April ۲۰۲۰, sixty-three patients with staghorn renal stones enrolled in our study and compared with the ۶۰ healthy patients. The exclusion criteria were age <۱۸ years, single kidney, renal anomalies, and previous history of malignancy. The primary demographic data, including age, sex, educational status, smoking history, and nonmedical opium utilization, were compared between the two groups.Results: The incidence of staghorn kidney stones was significantly higher in males than females (۴۵; ۷۱.۴ % male vs. ۲۷;۴۵.۰ % P-value=۰.۰۰۳) respectively. There was no significant difference regarding smoking status between the patients with a staghorn kidney stone and the control group (۱۴;۲۲.۲ % vs. ۱۵;۲۵.۰ % P-value=۰.۷۱۷). The prevalence of addiction in patients with staghorn kidney stones was significantly higher than in the control group (۳۰ patients; ۴۶.۲% vs. ۷ patients;۱۱.۷ %, P-value<۰.۰۰۱). In the case group, fifty patients (۷۹.۴%) were undergraduates compared to ۲۸ patients (۴۶.۷%) in the control group (P-value<۰.۰۰۱).Conclusion: Our study represents higher proportions of men and uneducated persons with staghorn renal stones. Nonmedical Opiate addiction could be considered a risk factor for staghorn kidney stones.


Rouhollah Afasri

School of Medicine, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran

Abdolreza Mohammadi

Ebnesina Hospital, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Alireza Pakdel

Department of Urology, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran

Shadi Salamroodi

School of Medicine, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Guilan, Iran

Alireza Khajavi

Student Research Committee, Faculty of Paramedical Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Maryam Gholamnejad

School of Medicine, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Hormozgan, Iran

Akram Mirzaei

Department of Biology, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

Pavan Aluru

Newcastle upon Tyne, England, United Kingdom

Alireza Gorji Daroonkolahee

School of Medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran

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