Prospective and Retrospective Memory Complaints in HIV-Infected Individuals

Publish Year: 1398
نوع سند: مقاله ژورنالی
زبان: English
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شناسه ملی سند علمی:

JR_JHES-7-4_001

تاریخ نمایه سازی: 8 آذر 1402

Abstract:

Background and purpose: Deficits of retrospective memory (RetM) and prospective memory (ProM), which are two primary components of episodic memory, have been reported in prior studies in HIV-infected individuals. The present study aimed to further elucidate the characteristics of prospective and retrospective memory complaints in HIV-infected individuals. Materials and Methods: We recruited ۵۰ HIV-uninfected individuals from the general community, and ۶۷ HIV-infected people who were under the treatment of antiretroviral therapy (ART) in Imam Khomeini Hospital of Tehran, Iran in ۲۰۱۶. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used to inspect the differences between HIV-infected and seronegative volunteers. Results: The results of ANOVA showed that HIV-infected individuals had more complaints of in long-delayed ProM (p=۰.۰۴۹), short-delayed RetM (p=۰.۰۱۶), and long-delayed RetM (p=۰.۰۰۹) than seronegative volunteers. No difference was observed in the complaints of short-delayed ProM between HIV-infected and the seronegative volunteers (p=۰.۹۲۱). The results of paired sample t-test also revealed that ProM complaints did not differ with RetM complaints among HIV-infected individuals (p=۰.۵۵), but ProM complaints were more frequent than RetM complaints among seronegative volunteers (p<۰.۰۰۱). Conclusion: Through understanding the characteristics of ProM/RetM complaints in HIV-infected individuals, we will be able to provide appropriate rehabilitation programs which correctly target their ProM/RetM deficits.

Authors

Saeed Ghodrati

Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran

Zahra Shahabinezhad

Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran

Seyedahmad Seyedalinagh

Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Vahid Nejati

Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran

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