Evaluation of Erythromycin–resistant and Chloramphenicol-sensitivity on Agrobacterium vitis in Iran

Publish Year: 1395
نوع سند: مقاله ژورنالی
زبان: English
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شناسه ملی سند علمی:

JR_SJM-5-7-001

تاریخ نمایه سازی: 14 آذر 1402

Abstract:

The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of Erythromycin and Chloramphenicol resistant/sensitivity of Agrobacterium vitis that isolated from environmental samples in Iran vineyards. From May to June ۲۰۱۴, ۲۰ samples isolated from Vineyards of five grape cultures from west of Iran. After identification of Agrobacterium vitis by biochemical, microbiological and molecular methods, antibiotic susceptibility testing was performed by Kirby-Bauer disk diffusion test for these antibiotics. The lowest and highest resistance was seen for Chloramphenicol (n=۱) and Erythromycin(n=۱۰). The results showed that the frequency of Erythromycin resistance is very high in Agrobacterium vitis strains isolated from vineyards that had crown Gall in west of Iran. Thus, urgent interventions are needed to keep the emergence and transmission of these isolates to a minimum. The lowest resistance on Chloramphenicol in Agrobacterium vitis strains showed that we can use it for urgent occasions.

Keywords:

Agrobacterium vitis Erythromycin Chloramphenicol Iran

Authors

Fatemeh Ghafarneghad Mogadam

Department of Microbiology, Urmia Branch, Islamic Azad University, Urmia, Iran- Department of Microbiology, Urmia Branch, Islamic Azad University, Urmia, Iran.

Reza Talebe

Department of Microbiology, Urmia Branch, Islamic Azad University, Urmia, Iran

Amir Tokmachi

Urmia Lake Research Institute, Urmia Branch, Urmia, Iran