CIVILICA We Respect the Science
(ناشر تخصصی کنفرانسهای کشور / شماره مجوز انتشارات از وزارت فرهنگ و ارشاد اسلامی: ۸۹۷۱)

Evaluation of Erythromycin–resistant and Chloramphenicol-sensitivity on Agrobacterium vitis in Iran

عنوان مقاله: Evaluation of Erythromycin–resistant and Chloramphenicol-sensitivity on Agrobacterium vitis in Iran
شناسه ملی مقاله: JR_SJM-5-7-001
منتشر شده در در سال 1395
مشخصات نویسندگان مقاله:

Fatemeh Ghafarneghad Mogadam - Department of Microbiology, Urmia Branch, Islamic Azad University, Urmia, Iran- Department of Microbiology, Urmia Branch, Islamic Azad University, Urmia, Iran.
Reza Talebe - Department of Microbiology, Urmia Branch, Islamic Azad University, Urmia, Iran
Amir Tokmachi - Urmia Lake Research Institute, Urmia Branch, Urmia, Iran

خلاصه مقاله:
The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of Erythromycin and Chloramphenicol resistant/sensitivity of Agrobacterium vitis that isolated from environmental samples in Iran vineyards. From May to June ۲۰۱۴, ۲۰ samples isolated from Vineyards of five grape cultures from west of Iran. After identification of Agrobacterium vitis by biochemical, microbiological and molecular methods, antibiotic susceptibility testing was performed by Kirby-Bauer disk diffusion test for these antibiotics. The lowest and highest resistance was seen for Chloramphenicol (n=۱) and Erythromycin(n=۱۰). The results showed that the frequency of Erythromycin resistance is very high in Agrobacterium vitis strains isolated from vineyards that had crown Gall in west of Iran. Thus, urgent interventions are needed to keep the emergence and transmission of these isolates to a minimum. The lowest resistance on Chloramphenicol in Agrobacterium vitis strains showed that we can use it for urgent occasions.

کلمات کلیدی:
Agrobacterium vitis Erythromycin Chloramphenicol Iran

صفحه اختصاصی مقاله و دریافت فایل کامل: https://civilica.com/doc/1841151/