Acceptance of Online Education by Undergraduate Students During the Covid-۱۹ Pandemic: A Case Study from Kerman, Iran

Publish Year: 1402
نوع سند: مقاله ژورنالی
زبان: English
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JR_SDME-20-1_023

تاریخ نمایه سازی: 21 آذر 1402

Abstract:

Background: Online education has become more vastly recognized as a powerful educational tool after the Covid-۱۹ pandemic. It provides educational opportunities that were not previously possible because of time or place restrictions.Objectives: This study investigated the factors influencing students' acceptance of online learning systems during the Covid-۱۹ pandemic.Methods: The study sample comprised ۴۳۵ students from Kerman University of Medical Sciences. We used the external technology acceptance model (TAM) to determine the acceptance of online education systems by undergraduate students during the Covid-۱۹ pandemic. Partial least square structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM) was used to check the model hypotheses. P-values less than ۰.۰۵ were considered statistically significant.Results: In this study, ۶۵% of the participants were men. The mean score for the items in the questionnaire was ۵۳.۱±۱۹.۳. The constructs of perceived ease of use and perceived usefulness had a significant effect on students' attitudes, and students' attitudes and perceived usefulness strongly influenced their behavior in using the online education system.Conclusion: The results of this study show that the perceived ease of use and perceived usefulness of the online education system indirectly affect students' behavior in using online education. Thus, educational policymakers at universities can emphasize the ease of learning and especially the easy use of mobile phones when choosing an online education system. In addition, the creation and expansion of the necessary infrastructure can facilitate student use of online education.

Keywords:

Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) , COVID-۱۹ , Online education , Iran

Authors

Milad Ahmadi Gohari

M.Sc. Researcher at Modeling in Health Research Center, Modeling in Health Research Center, Institute for Futures Studies in Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran

Abedin Iranpour

Ph.D. Associate Professor of Health Education and Promotion, HIV/STI Surveillance Research Center, and WHO Collaborating Center for H.I.V. Surveillance, Institute for Futures Studies in Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman,

Salahodin Rakhshani Rad

M.Sc. Student at Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Modeling in Health Research Center, Institute for Futures Studies in Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran

Moghaddameh Mirzaee

Ph.D. Associate Professor of Biostatistics, Modeling in Health Research Center, Institute for Futures Studies in Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran

Ali Akbar Haghdoost

Ph.D. Professor of Epidemiology, Modeling in Health Research Center, Institute for Futures Studies in Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran

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