Assessment of Seismic Vulnerability in Urban and Rural Health Service Centers of Hamadan Province Using Geographic Information Systems

Publish Year: 1402
نوع سند: مقاله ژورنالی
زبان: English
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شناسه ملی سند علمی:

JR_HDQ-8-3_009

تاریخ نمایه سازی: 25 آذر 1402

Abstract:

Background: Maintaining the performance of healthcare centers during an earthquake is essential. Evaluating the seismic vulnerability of these centers is a priority. This study aims to evaluate seismic vulnerability using geographic information systems (GIS) in urban and rural health service centers of Hamadan Province, Iran, in ۲۰۲۱. Materials and Methods: This is a descriptive, analytical cross-sectional study that was conducted in comprehensive health centers. The data of this study were collected in the form of a questionnaire and a map and analyzed using the hierarchical analysis model. In the study, ۱۰ criteria, such as the type of materials, the age of the building, the quality of the building, the number of floors, the area of ​​the centers, as well as the distance from the existing fault lines, and the proximity to the hazardous centers, are defined using a valuation questionnaire, using the chain analysis method, weighting and prioritizing, and using GIS, vulnerability maps of comprehensive urban and rural health centers of Hamadan province were obtained. Results: Among the indices, the distance from the fault index with a weight of ۰.۳۲۸ has the highest and the area distance with a weight of ۰.۱۷ has the lowest final weight. The vulnerability distribution of the centers included ۴۶.۹۹% very low vulnerability, ۷.۲۳% low vulnerability, ۵.۴۲% moderate vulnerability, ۲۰.۴۸% high vulnerability, and ۱۹.۸۸% very high vulnerability. Conclusion: Considering that many urban and rural health service centers are vulnerable to seismic hazards, it is necessary to strengthen vulnerable centers against earthquakes.

Authors

Hamid Reza Babolhavaegi

Department of MPH, School of Public Health, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran.

Arezou Karampourian

Department of Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Urology and Nephrology Research Center, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran.

Reza Alipoor

Department of Geology, Faculty of Basic Sciences, Bu Ali Sina University, Hamadan, Iran.

Ebrahim Chavoshi

Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran.