Phase behavior and mixing properties of symmetric gemini surfactant nano structures by quasichemical theory

Publish Year: 1402
نوع سند: مقاله ژورنالی
زبان: English
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شناسه ملی سند علمی:

JR_ANSP-1-2_002

تاریخ نمایه سازی: 28 آذر 1402

Abstract:

In the academic and industrial sectors, there has been a significant level of attention directed towards novel surfactants, particularly nano gemini surfactants, owing to their distinctive characteristics in recent times. The utilization of the quasichemical approximation has enabled the determination of phase equilibrium and the mixing properties for solutions of this nature. The Helmholtz free energy, mixing entropy, and mixing energy were ascertained through the variation of hydrophilic and hydrophobic units in nano gemini surfactants. The augmentation of the hydrophilic properties of the nano gemini surfactant has been observed to enhance the reaction of mixing. In turn, there is a reduction in the energy required for mixing. Furthermore, the negative value of the Helmholtz free energy of mixing has been observed to increase. When the hydrophobicity of a nano gemini surfactant increases, a contrary result to previous findings is observed. The mixing entropy remains unaffected by the hydrophobic and hydrophilic units of the nano gemini surfactant. An increase in the hydrophobic tail length of the surfactant leads to a corresponding increase in the two-phase equilibrium region. Conversely, a decrease in the hydrophobic tail length results in a decrease in the two-phase equilibrium region.

Authors

Zahra Khodadadi

۱. Department of Applied Chemistry, Faculty of Science, South Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran. ۲. Nanotechnology Research Center, South Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.