Phosphorylation Status of GluN۲B-Ser۱۳۰۳ Under Glutamate-induced Excitotoxicity in Primary Cortical Neurons: An In Vitro Study

Publish Year: 1402
نوع سند: مقاله ژورنالی
زبان: English
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شناسه ملی سند علمی:

JR_CJNS-9-4_007

تاریخ نمایه سازی: 29 آذر 1402

Abstract:

Background: Glutamate, an excitatory neurotransmitter, plays a pivotal role in cellular phenomena in neurons, like synaptic plasticity and excitotoxicity. As the major glutamate receptors, N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors (NMDARs) undergo phosphorylation at Ser۱۳۰۳ on the GluN۲B subunit upon glutamate binding. This effect results from the influx of calcium and subsequent activation of many known kinases that phosphorylate the receptor. However, the regulation of this phosphorylation at this site and the involved phosphatases have remained unknown, especially under excitotoxicity conditions induced by glutamate treatment. Objectives: This study attempts to investigate the regulation of phosphorylation at GluN۲B-Ser۱۳۰۳ under excitotoxic conditions and identify the phosphatase responsible. Materials & Methods: Primary cortical neurons prepared from embryonic rat brains were treated with glutamate, thereby inducing excitotoxicity in vitro. Then, the phosphorylation status of GluN۲B-Ser۱۳۰۳ was studied using western blots in the presence of various phosphatase inhibitors. Finally, the interaction of phosphatase with GluN۲B was studied using immunostaining and coimmunoprecipitation analysis. Results: The results show that under excitotoxic conditions, there is a reduction in the phosphorylation of GluN۲B-Ser۱۳۰۳, and protein phosphatase ۱ (PP۱) was the phosphatase responsible. PPI was found to interact with the receptor. Conclusion: This study reports for the first time the regulation of phosphorylation at GluN۲BSer۱۳۰۳ in vitro under excitotoxic conditions, which PP۱ mediates. This site could be a potential drug target for designing novel compounds which could exacerbate excitotoxicity.

Authors

Ramya R Prabhu

Department of Biotechnology, Faculty of Applied Science, Government Arts College, Trivandrum, India