Psychological Distress Among Iranian Patients With Epilepsy During COVID-۱۹ Pandemic

Publish Year: 1402
نوع سند: مقاله ژورنالی
زبان: English
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JR_CJNS-9-4_006

تاریخ نمایه سازی: 29 آذر 1402

Abstract:

Background: During Coronavirus disease-۲۰۱۹ (COVID-۱۹) pandemic, patients with epilepsy (PWE) have faced with delayed outpatient visits, cancellation of their para-clinic tests, and problems in accessing to emergencies. Regarding to the previous studies, PWE are at increased risk of psychological disorders than healthy persons. Objectives: This study aimed to compare psychological distress between PWE and a healthy control group. Materials & Methods: This study was performed in the sixth wave of COVID-۱۹ in Mashhad, Iran. We evaluated ۱۳۲ PWE who consecutively referred to the Neurology Clinics of ۲۲ Bahman Hospital. Also, ۱۳۲ age and sex matched-healthy persons were included as the control group. Demographic and epilepsy related-data were collected through a questionnaire. The ۶-item Kessler questionnaire was used to assess psychological distress. Results: The included PWE and the control groups were similar among all demographic variables, unless monthly income. We found that PWE had significantly higher psychological distress level (P=۰.۰۳) and spent significantly more time following the COVID-۱۹-related news (P=۰.۰۰۰). By using ANCOVA test we found that PWE have significant higher levels of concerns about COVID-۱۹ (P=۰.۰۳) and spend more time following COVID-۱۹-related news (P=۰.۰۴). Logistic regression revealed that PWE ۱.۱۲۴ times more concern about COVID-۱۹ outbreak and ۰.۲۹۴ time pay less attention to COVID-۱۹ related news. Conclusion: During public health emergencies, health care professionals should focus not only on seizure control but also on the mental health status of PWE, particularly those with higher number of seizures.

Authors

Anahita Hashemi

Student Research Committee, Islamic Azad University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran

Nikoo Saeedi

Student Research Committee, Islamic Azad University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran

Negin Seyedhosseinzade

Student Research Committee, Islamic Azad University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran

Saeid Bayat

Department of Neurology, School Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Seyed Mehran Homam

Department of Neurology, Faculty of Medicine, Islamic Azad University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran