The prevalence of wound infection in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery in a hospital in Mashhad city from ۲۰۰۹-۲۰۱۱

Publish Year: 1393
نوع سند: مقاله ژورنالی
زبان: English
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شناسه ملی سند علمی:

JR_JSTR-3-1_004

تاریخ نمایه سازی: 5 دی 1402

Abstract:

Introduction: Postoperative wound infection is a complication that occurs after coronary artery bypass graft surgery. The aim of this study was to examine the incidence of wound infections after coronary artery bypass graft surgery among the patients operated in Ghaem Hospital in the city of Mashhad from ۲۰۰۹-۲۰۱۱. Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed in the years ۲۰۰۹ to ۲۰۱۱ on ۳۶۰ patients who underwent open heart surgery in Ghaem Hospital in Mashhad city. Data collection instruments consisted of demographic characteristics form and questionnaires concerning history of diseases, site of wound infection, depth of wound (deep or superficial), and the type of micro-organism growth. Patients were followed for ۳ months, and the incidence of sternal and lower extremities wound infections was recorded. The data were analyzed in SPSS (V: ۱۶) using chi-square test. The significant level was set at p<۰.۰۵. Results: We evaluated ۳۶۰ patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery. The total prevalence of wound infection after surgery was ۸۴ (۳۶%). From among patients who had wound infections, ۵۴ patients (۶۴.۵%) had superficial infection (۸.۳% of the total) and ۳۰ patients (۳۶%) had deep infection (۱۵% of the total). Sternal wound infection after surgery was observed in ۴۹ patients (۵۸%) and lower extremity in ۳۵ cases (۴۲%). Micro-organisms that grew in the cultivation of the sternum area included ۸​​ cases of Enterococci cases, ۹ Staphylococci cases, and ۲۹ negative cultures. In foreleg area, ۳ cases were Enterococci, ۵ Staphylococcus cases, and ۳۲ negative culture. Conclusions: Our findings confirm that the postoperative wound infection after coronary artery bypass graft surgery is a common complication and new preventive strategies should be developed to reduce it.

Keywords:

Prevalence , Postoperative , Wound Infection , Surgery , Coronary Artery Bypass Graft , شیوع , پس از عمل جراحی , عفونت زخم , جراحی گرافت بای-پس عروق کرونر

Authors

Mostafa Ahmadi

Mashhad University of Medical Sciences

Raheleh Ahmadi

Sabzevar University of Medical Sciences

Omid Mehrpour

Birjand University of Medical Sciences

Zoleikha Saadati

Mashhad University of Medical Sciences

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