The Phonemic Awareness Skills of Cochlear Implant Children and Children with Normal Hearing in Primary School

Publish Year: 1394
نوع سند: مقاله ژورنالی
زبان: English
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شناسه ملی سند علمی:

JR_IRJU-13-4_017

تاریخ نمایه سازی: 6 دی 1402

Abstract:

Objectives: Phonemic awareness skills have a significant impact on children speech and language. The purpose of this study was investigating the phonemic awareness skills of children with cochlear implant and normal hearing peers in primary school. Methods: phonemic awareness subscales of phonological awareness test were administered to ۳۰ children with cochlear implantation at the first to sixth grades of primary school and ۳۰ children with normal hearing who were matched in age with cochlear implant group. All of children were between ۶ to ۱۱ years old. Children with cochlear implant had at least ۱ to ۲ years of implant experience and they were over ۵ years when they receive implantation. Children with cochlear implant were selected from Special education centers in Tehran and children with normal hearing were recruited from primary schools in Tehran. The phonemic awareness skills were assessed in both groups. Results: The results showed that the Mean scores of phonemic awareness skills in cochlear implant children were significantly lower than children with normal hearing (P<.۰۰۰۱). Discussion: children with cochlear implant, despite Cochlear implantation prosthesis, had lower performance in phonemic awareness when compared with normal hearing children. Therefore, due to importance of phonemic awareness skills in learning of literacy skills, and defects of these skills in children with cochlear implant, these skills should be assessed carefully in children with cochlear implant and rehabilitative interventions should be considered.

Authors

Aliakbar Dashtelei

University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Hoda Mowzooni

University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Atiye Ashtari

University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Maryam Delfi

University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Gita Movallali

University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Ahmad Salmani

University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Farzad Eshkenani

University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran.