Impact of Higher Carbon Dioxide Concentrations and Elevated Temperatures on the Growth of Field Bindweed (Convolvulus arvensis L.) in Turkey

Publish Year: 1402
نوع سند: مقاله ژورنالی
زبان: English
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JR_JASTMO-26-1_011

تاریخ نمایه سازی: 8 بهمن 1402

Abstract:

Field bindweed (Convolvulus arvensis L.) is one of the worst weeds in Turkey as well as worldwide. Climate change, with increasing temperature and concentrations of greenhouse gases and unpredictable extreme weather events, has been among the foremost problems of the world. The effect of climate change on crop husbandry and weeds is to be investigated. The effect of rising temperature and CO۲ on different populations of C. arvensis was studied under greenhouse conditions in the Malatya Province of Turkey, in ۲۰۱۹. For this study, the weed seeds were collected from ۱۴ provinces throughout Turkey during ۲۰۱۸. Two temperature regimes (day/night ۲۶/۱۶°C and ۲۹/۱۹°C) and two CO۲ levels (۴۰۰±۵۰ and ۸۰۰±۵۰ ppm) were used. Plant aboveground length, root length, and dry weights of root, aboveground parts, and total plant were not affected by temperature, CO۲, and seed source. However, seed source affected root length differently depending on temperature and root length, and root dry weight as affected by CO۲ level. In addition, seed source and temperature showed significant effect on measured parameters, while no significant effect was determined for CO۲.

Authors

Y. Karaman

Malatya Turgut Ozal University, Faculty of Agriculture, Plant Protection Division, Malatya, Turkey.

N. Tursun

Malatya Turgut Ozal University, Faculty of Agriculture, Plant Protection Division, Malatya, Turkey.

A. Uludag

Canakkale Onsekiz Mart University, Faculty of Agriculture, Plant Protection Division, Canakkale, Turkey.

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