Effect of nitrogen and sulphur fertilizer levels on growth, yield and oil content of Linseed (Linum usitatissimum L.) in Sinana, South-Eastern Ethiopia

Publish Year: 1396
نوع سند: مقاله ژورنالی
زبان: English
View: 47

This Paper With 13 Page And PDF Format Ready To Download

  • Certificate
  • من نویسنده این مقاله هستم

استخراج به نرم افزارهای پژوهشی:

لینک ثابت به این Paper:

شناسه ملی سند علمی:

JR_SJPAS-6-1_001

تاریخ نمایه سازی: 3 اسفند 1402

Abstract:

The experiment was conducted on research field of Sinana Agricultural Research Center (SARC), in the highlands of Bale, South-eastern Ethiopia during the main cropping season of ۲۰۱۳ to investigate the effect of nitrogen and sulphur on growth, yield and oil content of linseed. A factorial combination of four rates of N (۰, ۲۳, ۴۶, ۶۹ kg ha-۱) with four rates of S (۰, ۲۰, ۴۰ and ۶۰ kg ha-۱) was applied in randomized complete block in three replications. Analysis of variance revealed that the main effect of nitrogen significantly affected all tested parameters except for days to ۵۰% emergence, number of seeds per capsule and stand count per meter square. In these study, most of yield and yield components of the crop lacked significant response to the application of sulphur. This might be due to the fact that sulphur content of the soil of the study site was medium. On the other hand, the interaction effect between nitrogen and sulphur was only significant for days to ۵۰% emergence. Linseed crop grown without nitrogen application exhibited the highest seed oil content (۴۰.۷%). The economic analysis revealed that the highest net return of Birr ۳۱۹۸۰ ha-۱ and the highest marginal rate of return ۵۰۴۵.۲۱% were obtained from the treatment that received ۲۳ kg N ha-۱. Therefore, for farmers cultivating linseed in Sinana and areas with the same soil chemical and physical conditions, application of ۲۳ kg N ha-۱ is sufficient for obtaining optimum seed and oil yield of the crop, with no need to apply sulphur as a fertilizer. However, to come up with a conclusive recommendation, the experiment should be repeated over seasons and locations.The experiment was conducted on research field of Sinana Agricultural Research Center (SARC), in the highlands of Bale, South-eastern Ethiopia during the main cropping season of ۲۰۱۳ to investigate the effect of nitrogen and sulphur on growth, yield and oil content of linseed. A factorial combination of four rates of N (۰, ۲۳, ۴۶, ۶۹ kg ha-۱) with four rates of S (۰, ۲۰, ۴۰ and ۶۰ kg ha-۱) was applied in randomized complete block in three replications. Analysis of variance revealed that the main effect of nitrogen significantly affected all tested parameters except for days to ۵۰% emergence, number of seeds per capsule and stand count per meter square. In these study, most of yield and yield components of the crop lacked significant response to the application of sulphur. This might be due to the fact that sulphur content of the soil of the study site was medium. On the other hand, the interaction effect between nitrogen and sulphur was only significant for days to ۵۰% emergence. Linseed crop grown without nitrogen application exhibited the highest seed oil content (۴۰.۷%). The economic analysis revealed that the highest net return of Birr ۳۱۹۸۰ ha-۱ and the highest marginal rate of return ۵۰۴۵.۲۱% were obtained from the treatment that received ۲۳ kg N ha-۱. Therefore, for farmers cultivating linseed in Sinana and areas with the same soil chemical and physical conditions, application of ۲۳ kg N ha-۱ is sufficient for obtaining optimum seed and oil yield of the crop, with no need to apply sulphur as a fertilizer. However, to come up with a conclusive recommendation, the experiment should be repeated over seasons and locations.

Authors

Reta Dargie Gudeta

Sinana Agricultural Research Center P.O. Box ۲۰۸, Bale-Robe, Ethiopia

Nigussie Dechassa

Haramaya University College of Agriculture P.O. Box ۱۳۸, Dire Dawa, Ethiopia

Janmejai Sharma

Haramaya University College of Agriculture P.O. Box ۱۳۸, Dire Dawa, Ethiopia