Distribution of sul۱ gene to sulfonamide resistance in Escherichia coli isolated from Zarjob River(Iran) in Guilan province

Publish Year: 1397
نوع سند: مقاله ژورنالی
زبان: English
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JR_IJMCM-8-1_009

تاریخ نمایه سازی: 19 اسفند 1402

Abstract:

Importance of Zarjob River in Guilan province is because of its large area. On the other hand, the industrial, urban and agriculture wastewater of Rasht caused severe pollution of the river and make it the most polluted river in the province.E.coli is the main indicator of water fecal contamination. So studying Zarjob River and antibiotic resistance of E.coli is important because it could indicate the pollution of the river, threatening the health of people around the river and the pollution of Caspian Sea. During ۵ months (September to December), ۲۵ samples from ۵ stations in Zarjob river, were collected. At the first, the MPN test was done, then the samples that were positive, were cultured in EMB and incubated for ۲۴ hours..Antibiogram test was done according to disk diffusion method and CLSI (in Muller Hinton Agar).The serotyping, with multi antiserum kit of pathogenic E.coli was done.For extracting DNA, extraction kit, and for displaying sul۱ gene in E.coli, PCR test were used. Finally it was found that ۲۰% of samples were resistance to sulfamethoxazole and all of them were belong to Group III (O۱۲۸, O۱۲۵, O۴۴) and according to PCR all of them had sul۱ gene.  Antibiotic resistance has become a global issue. The most polluted river in the province of Giulan is Zarjob, which can cause pollution of various types of waters, aquatic organisms, fish and other marine organisms used by humans

Authors

Khosro Issazadeh

Department of Microbiology, College of Basic Sciences, Lahijan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Lahijan, Iran

Elnaz Kezempour

Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Basic Sciences, Lahijan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Lahijan, Iran.

Vida Esmaeilieh

Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Basic Sciences, Lahijan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Lahijan, Iran.

Sadaf Alsadat Seyedi

Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Basic Sciences, Lahijan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Lahijan, Iran.