Epidemiology of Ocular Trauma in Patients Referred to a Tertiary Center in Northern Iran

Publish Year: 1403
نوع سند: مقاله ژورنالی
زبان: English
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شناسه ملی سند علمی:

JR_CJNS-10-2_005

تاریخ نمایه سازی: 28 اسفند 1402

Abstract:

Background: Ocular trauma is a debilitating condition and one of the most important and leading causes of visual impairments that have high socioeconomic consequences. Objectives: This study aims to investigate the epidemiology of ocular trauma in patients referred to a tertiary center in northern Iran. Materials & Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out on ۴۷۶ patients with ocular trauma referred to the eye emergency department of a teaching hospital in Guilan Province, north of Iran, in ۲۰۲۰-۲۱. Personal and trauma-related information was extracted from the patient’s medical records using a checklist.  Results: Most patients were in the ۳۱-۴۰ age group (۲۸.۸%), with a mean age of ۴۱.۵±۱۷.۴ years. Most of the injuries occurred at home (۵۷.۱%). Few of the patients had used eye safety glasses (۵.۳%). Most of the patients were living in the city. Closed globe injuries were the common types of traumas (۹۶%), and the prevalence of open globe injuries was at a very low level (۴%). Conclusion: Closed globe injuries are the most common types of ocular traumas in northern Iran. Most of the ocular traumas are preventable using eye protection equipment.

Authors

Yousef Alizadeh

Department of Eye, Eye Research Center, School of Medicine, Amir-Almomenin Hospital, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran.

Ghazaleh Mohammadi-Manesh

Department of Eye, Eye Research Center, School of Medicine, Amir-Almomenin Hospital, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran.

Abdolreza Medghalchi

Department of Eye, Eye Research Center, School of Medicine, Amir-Almomenin Hospital, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran.

Hasan Behboudi

Department of Eye, Eye Research Center, School of Medicine, Amir-Almomenin Hospital, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran.

Reza Soltani-Moghadam

Department of Eye, Eye Research Center, School of Medicine, Amir-Almomenin Hospital, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran.

Mitra Akbari

Department of Eye, Eye Research Center, School of Medicine, Amir-Almomenin Hospital, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran.

Ebrahim Azaripour

Department of Eye, Eye Research Center, School of Medicine, Amir-Almomenin Hospital, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran.

Shila Kianmehr

Department of Eye, Eye Research Center, School of Medicine, Amir-Almomenin Hospital, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran.

Narges Pour Deylami

Department of Eye, Eye Research Center, School of Medicine, Amir-Almomenin Hospital, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran.

Haleh Alizadeh

Department of Clinical Pharmacy, School of Pharmacy, Guilan University of Medical Science, Rasht, Iran.

Ehsan Kazemnezhad Leyli

Department of Biostatistics, School of Health, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran.

Maryam Dourandeesh

Department of Eye, Eye Research Center, School of Medicine, Amir-Almomenin Hospital, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran.