CIVILICA We Respect the Science
(ناشر تخصصی کنفرانسهای کشور / شماره مجوز انتشارات از وزارت فرهنگ و ارشاد اسلامی: ۸۹۷۱)

Comprehensive Review on Flood ControlEngineering Methods in Cities for Risk Reduction

عنوان مقاله: Comprehensive Review on Flood ControlEngineering Methods in Cities for Risk Reduction
شناسه ملی مقاله: ICSAU09_158
منتشر شده در نهمین کنگره سالانه بین المللی عمران، معماری و توسعه شهری در سال 1402
مشخصات نویسندگان مقاله:

Mohammad Hossein Jahangir - Renewable Energies and Environmental Department, Faculty of New Sciences and Technologies,University of Tehran
Faraz Alijani - Renewable Energies and Environmental Department, Faculty of New Sciences and Technologies,University of Tehran
Hossein Ziaee - Renewable Energies and Environmental Department, Faculty of New Sciences and Technologies,University of Tehran

خلاصه مقاله:
Water, a vital element essential for life, can metamorphose into a devastating force, leadingto catastrophic floods. In today's world, where human-induced risks rival external threats,mitigating flood-related damages requires a nuanced approach. This study navigates thecomplex terrain of flood management within Civil and Environmental Engineering,emphasizing the pivotal role of scientific understanding. Floods, categorized into naturaland anthropogenic types, arise from intense downpours and human activities such asinappropriate land use and infrastructure failures. Transitioning from these causes, floodmanagement strategies encompass both structural and non-structural approaches, aiming toreduce social and economic impacts. Structural measures, including riverbankreinforcement and levee construction, seek to prevent floods and limit floodplaindevelopment. Non-structural measures, such as Non-Interference in Waterways, WaterPassage Manipulation, and Warning Systems, focus on minimizing damages with a lesserenvironmental impact. Despite the global reliance on flood control structures, recentdecades underscore the inadequacy of depending solely on construction. Watershedmanagement necessitates an integrated approach, considering both structural and nonstructuralmethods. Cities facing flood threats must develop comprehensive engineeringplans grounded in thorough studies. In conclusion, the paper advocates for a comprehensiveapproach that combines protective structural conditions and biological stabilization foreffective flood control.

کلمات کلیدی:
Urban Flood Management, Watershed Management, Urban Resilience, Risk MitigationStrategies, Structural and Non-Structural Approaches

صفحه اختصاصی مقاله و دریافت فایل کامل: https://civilica.com/doc/1952528/