Legal examination of the role of artificial intelligence in autonomous weapons in the field of international law

Publish Year: 1402
نوع سند: مقاله کنفرانسی
زبان: English
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تاریخ نمایه سازی: 21 خرداد 1403


Autonomy in machines is the capability for a machine to perform actions without human intervention, using a pre-programmed set of instructions and making advanced decisions. Machine autonomy has different levels, depending on the level of human control in the various stages of evolution and use of the machine. This becomes challenging when this capability is used in weapon systems, where machines take the place of humans on the battlefield and make decisions regarding the life and death of humans and other beings. With the advancement of technology and the introduction of artificial intelligence into weapon systems, the global community has faced numerous ethical concerns and legal gaps. In the past two decades, this issue has been discussed among international institutions and at the academic level. As a result of these concerns, discussions among governments regarding autonomous weapon systems began within the framework of the Convention on Conventional Weapons in ۱۹۸۰. From ۲۰۱۳ to ۲۰۲۰, nine meetings have been held within this framework, addressing various issues. The main focus has been on the concept and definition of autonomous weapons and meaningful human control over these weapons. While all governments emphasize the importance of maintaining human control over these weapons, differences regarding the degree of autonomy and level of human control still remain. Various entities, such as the International Committee of the Red Cross and the Human Rights Watch, have also addressed the definition of meaningful human control and the need to preserve it by highlighting ethical and legal gaps, such as the adherence to principles of distinction and proportionality by robots. In this context, an attempt has been made to examine the concept of autonomous weapons and human control, as well as other issues raised in expert meetings, and to assess the compatibility of these weapons with existing and internationally enforceable human rights-friendly rules. Research shows that the international community agrees on imposing limitations on the use of autonomous weapons, but has not yet been able to provide a definition for these limitations.


Tayeb Kazemi

University professor, Iran