Investigation of the physicochemical and microbiological quality of brassware effluents: Insight into the charge of heavy metal and pollutants in wastewater from Fez, Morocco

Publish Year: 1403
نوع سند: مقاله ژورنالی
زبان: English
View: 64

This Paper With 14 Page And PDF Format Ready To Download

  • Certificate
  • من نویسنده این مقاله هستم

استخراج به نرم افزارهای پژوهشی:

لینک ثابت به این Paper:

شناسه ملی سند علمی:

JR_AET-10-1_004

تاریخ نمایه سازی: 22 خرداد 1403

Abstract:

This article investigated the effluents from brassware wastewater in the city of Fez, Morocco. Brassware is considered one of the principal economic activities in the region, but its effluents harm the environment and human health because of its heavy metal loading. The objective of this study was to determine the physicochemical, metallic, and microbiological characteristics of the brassware effluents. The degree and nature of the pollution generated by the studied effluents from September to April ۲۰۲۲ were also studied. The samples were collected each month from a brassware company to evaluate the pollution using standard methods: physicochemical parameters, Temperature, pH, electrical conductivity, suspended solids, chemical oxygen demand, biological oxygen demand, sulfates, orthophosphate ions, total Kjeldahl nitrogen, nitrates, nitrites, and ammonium), metals (silver, aluminum, cadmium, cobalt, chromium, copper, nickel and lead), and microbiological, total aerobic microbial bacteria, total coliforms, and fecal coliforms, Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus, molds, and yeasts. The results collected during March showed that the studied effluents had a pH = ۱۰.۴ ± ۰.۱۶, electrical conductivity of ۶.۹۳ ± ۰.۱۱ mS/cm, suspended solids of ۳۰۷۸.۱۵ ± ۱۲۱.۸۵ mg/L, a chemical oxygen demand of ۶۸۰.۴۴ ± ۱۰.۸۴ mg /L and sulfates of ۱۷۵۵.۴۴ ± ۲۱.۵۶ mg/L, which do not correspond to Moroccan rejection standards. The metal analysis showed that the studied effluents exhibited high concentrations of nickel (۹۹۹.۹۶ ± ۰.۰۸ mg/L) and copper (۷۶.۴۸ ± ۰.۰۰۲ mg/L) during this month. Nevertheless, they were characterized by the absence of pathogenic germs. In general, the obtained results showed that these effluents were characterized by monthly variations in values for all the measured parameters. These results provide important information on the negative impact of brassware wastewater on the environment that should motivate municipal water utilities and researchers to find innovative solutions to this problem and protect the receiving environment.

Authors

Imane ZOUFRI

Laboratory of Biotechnology, environment, agri-food, and health, Faculty of Sciences Dhar El Mahrez, Sidi Mohammed Ben Abdellah University, Fez, Morocco

Mohammed MERZOUKI

Laboratory of Biotechnology, environment, agri-food, and health, Faculty of Sciences Dhar El Mahrez, Sidi Mohammed Ben Abdellah University, Fez, Morocco

Malika AMMARI

Laboratory of Biotechnology, environment, agri-food, and health, Faculty of Sciences Dhar El Mahrez, Sidi Mohammed Ben Abdellah University, Fez, Morocco

Younesse EL BYARI

Laboratory of Biotechnology, environment, agri-food, and health, Faculty of Sciences Dhar El Mahrez, Sidi Mohammed Ben Abdellah University, Fez, Morocco

Amina BARI

Laboratory of Biotechnology, environment, agri-food, and health, Faculty of Sciences Dhar El Mahrez, Sidi Mohammed Ben Abdellah University, Fez, Morocco

مراجع و منابع این Paper:

لیست زیر مراجع و منابع استفاده شده در این Paper را نمایش می دهد. این مراجع به صورت کاملا ماشینی و بر اساس هوش مصنوعی استخراج شده اند و لذا ممکن است دارای اشکالاتی باشند که به مرور زمان دقت استخراج این محتوا افزایش می یابد. مراجعی که مقالات مربوط به آنها در سیویلیکا نمایه شده و پیدا شده اند، به خود Paper لینک شده اند :
  • Koukal, B., Dominik, J., Vignati, D., Arpagaus, P., Santiago, S., ...
  • Derwich, E., Benziane, Z., Benaabidate, L. (۲۰۱۱). Diagnostic of physicochemical ...
  • Mimad, A., El Ouali Lalami, A., Merzouki, M. (۲۰۱۰). Pollution ...
  • Hassimi, H., Taleb, A., Bouezmarni, M., Karzazi, O., Taleb, M., ...
  • Belhassan, H., Merzouki, M., Amakdouf, H., Lamrani, O., Haily, E. ...
  • Omar, L., Mohammed, M., El Karrach Karima, B. M. (۲۰۱۵). ...
  • Hayzoun, H., Garnier, C., Durrieu, G., Lenoble, V., Le Poupon, ...
  • Fu, F., Wang, Q. (۲۰۱۱). Removal of heavy metal ions ...
  • Doabi, S. A., Karami, M., Afyuni, M., Yeganeh, M. (۲۰۱۸). ...
  • Danouche, M., El Ghachtouli, N., Aasfar, A., Bennis, I., El ...
  • Church, J., Hwang, J. H., Kim, K. T., McLean, R., ...
  • Kharazi, A., Leili, M., Khazaei, M., Alikhani, M. Y., Shokoohi, ...
  • Anyachor, C. P., Dooka, D. B., Orish, C. N., Amadi, ...
  • Manjula, M., Mohanraj, R., Devi, M. P. (۲۰۱۵). Biomonitoring of ...
  • Ma, J., Singhirunnusorn, W. (۲۰۱۲). Distribution and health risk assessment ...
  • Ngah, W. W., Hanafiah, M. M. (۲۰۰۸). Removal of heavy ...
  • Ahmad, K., Wajid, K., Khan, Z. I., Ugulu, I., Memoona, ...
  • Le Donne, A., Trifiletti, V., Binetti, S. (۲۰۱۹). New earth-abundant ...
  • Lazareva, O., Pichler, T. (۲۰۱۰). Long-term performance of a constructed ...
  • Schaumlöffel, D. (۲۰۱۲). Nickel species: analysis and toxic effects. Journal ...
  • Ugulu, I., Unver, M. C., Dogan, Y. (۲۰۱۶). Determination and ...
  • Poonkothai, M. V. B. S., Vijayavathi, B. S. (۲۰۱۲). Nickel ...
  • Antero, A. Michael, D. Kenneth, P. (۲۰۱۲). arsenic, metals, fibres, ...
  • Pourkhabbaz, A., Mansouri, B., Sinkakarimi, M. H., Rajaei, G., Vajdi, ...
  • Tavares-Dias, M. (۲۰۲۱). Toxic, physiological, histomorphological, growth performance and antiparasitic ...
  • Lesmana, S. O., Febriana, N., Soetaredjo, F. E., Sunarso, J., ...
  • El Ouadrhiri, F., Elyemni, M., Adachi, A., Hmamou, A., Bendaoud, ...
  • Rodier J., (۲۰۰۹), «Water analysis – natural water, waste water, ...
  • Poirel, A., Gailhard, J., Capra, H. (۲۰۱۰). Influence des barrages-réservoirs ...
  • State Secretariat for Water and Environment. (۲۰۱۳). Moroccan Laws Relating ...
  • Albina, P., Durban, N., Bertron, A., Albrecht, A., Robinet, J. ...
  • Sarkar, M., Rahman, A. K. M. L., Bhoumik, N. C. ...
  • Aboulhassan, M. A., Souabi, S., Yaacoubi, A., Zaim, N., Bouthir, ...
  • Elkarrach, K., Merzouki, M., Laidi, O., Omor, A., Benlemlih, M. ...
  • Loukanov, A., El Allaoui, N., Omor, A., Elmadani, F. Z., ...
  • Doumbi, R. T., Noumi, G. B., Ngobtchok, B. (۲۰۲۲). Tannery ...
  • de Sousa, D. N. R., Mozeto, A. A., Carneiro, R. ...
  • Hashem, M. A., Momen, M. A., Hasan, M., Nur-A-Tomal, M. ...
  • Merimi I, Oudda H, Y EO, F EH, Hammouti. (۲۰۱۷). ...
  • Ba, C. N. (۲۰۲۰). Thermal water: minerality and other components.(pp.۱۴–۹) ...
  • Shaibur, M. R., Tanzia, F. S., Nishi, S., Nahar, N., ...
  • Amanial, H. R. (۲۰۱۶). Physico chemical characterization of tannery effluent ...
  • Aregu, M. B., Asfaw, S. L., Khan, M. M. (۲۰۲۱). ...
  • Tran, T. K., Leu, H. J., Vu, T. Q., Nguyen, ...
  • Pal, M., Malhotra, M., Mandal, M. K., Paine, T. K., ...
  • Jeganathan, S., Kandasamy, K., Velusamy, S., Sankaran, P. (۲۰۲۰). Comparative ...
  • Rassam, A., Chaouch, A., Bourkhiss, B., Ouhssine, M., Lakhlifi, T., ...
  • Chaouki, I., Mouhir, L., Souabi, S., Fekhaoui, M., El Abidi, ...
  • Sarker, S. S., Akter, T., Parveen, S., Uddin, M. T., ...
  • Kim, D. W., Suhaimi, M. A., Kim, B. M., Cho, ...
  • Rene, E. R., Kim, S. J., Park, H. S. (۲۰۰۸). ...
  • Mohammed, D., Hicham, E. A., Naima, E. G. (۲۰۲۳). Biodegradation ...
  • نمایش کامل مراجع