Molecular Prevalence of Toxoplasma Gondii in Butchers and Slaughtered Cattle in Middle Euphrates, Iraq

Publish Year: 1403
نوع سند: مقاله ژورنالی
زبان: English
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شناسه ملی سند علمی:

JR_IJVM-18-3_008

تاریخ نمایه سازی: 26 خرداد 1403

Abstract:

Background: Toxoplasmosis is a common disease caused by an apicomplexian protozoa, Toxoplasma gondii; one of the potential sources of human zoonotic infection is meat handling and consumption.Objectives: This study aims to determine the prevalence of T. gondii in the blood of butchers and slaughtered cattle by using the B۱ gene and demonstrate the role of slaughtered cattle in transmitting toxoplasmosis to humans.Methods: The study involved ۱۰۰ blood samples collected randomly from butchers (male) and ۱۰۰ from cattle before slaughtering from September ۲۰۲۲ to September ۲۰۲۳ and examined by real-time PCR technique.Results: The results revealed total infection rates of ۲۸% and ۱۲% in butchers and cattle, respectively, with the highest rate recorded in butchers aged ۱۸-۳۰ years old and the lowest at age >۴۰ years. While in cattle, the highest rate is seen at age (۲-۴ years) and the lowest at age (۱-۲ years) without significant differences. Calves reported a higher infection rate (۱۴.۲۸%) compared with cows (۸.۱۰%), with a significant difference (P>۰.۰۵).Conclusion: Cattle are an important source of zoonotic transmission of T. gondii infection to humans by handling meat and consuming raw or uncooked meat. We recommended a control program by awareness of butchers during meat handling, avoiding consuming raw or uncooked meat, and appropriate heat treatments for beef.

Authors

Haider Alseady

Technical Institute of Babylon, Al-Furat Al-Awsat Technical University, Babylon, Iraq.