Role of political power in forest administration policy of Iran

Publish Year: 1396
نوع سند: مقاله ژورنالی
زبان: English
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شناسه ملی سند علمی:

JR_CJES-15-2_008

تاریخ نمایه سازی: 27 خرداد 1403

Abstract:

The area of natural forest in Iran is approximately ۱۲.۴ million hectares, comprising ۷.۵%  of the total area of Iran. Forest management in the country was changed to the legislature after order of the Forest Nationalization Law in ۱۹۶۳. With  civilization development, pressure on forests was significantly increased. In the early  ۲۰th century a system of development planning began as a series of seven-year cycles, focusing on accelerating economic growth by improving capital-intensive industries and replacing religious and social traditions with rapid modernization. There are some essential challenges ahead of the common assets administration of the Hyrcanian forests which have many conflicts between including executive associations and regulations. So that, forest policy has been structurally shifted in policy sector, from private administration to governmental management. This paper has provided  a literature review discussing the forest policy administration in Iran and its essential structural shifts during the last century as well as data collection from relevant governmental and private organizations.

Authors

B. Sotoudeh Foumani

Department of Forestry, Faculty of Natural Resources, University of Guilan, Sowmeh Sara, Iran

T. Rostami Shahraji

Department of Forestry, Faculty of Natural Resources, University of Guilan, Sowmeh Sara, Iran

S. Mohammadi Limaei

Department of Forestry, Faculty of Natural Resources, University of Guilan, Sowmeh Sara, Iran

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