Transboundary river water quality as a core indicator for sustainable environmental development in Europe: A case study between republics of Bulgaria and Serbia

Publish Year: 1402
نوع سند: مقاله ژورنالی
زبان: English
View: 31

This Paper With 10 Page And PDF Format Ready To Download

  • Certificate
  • من نویسنده این مقاله هستم

استخراج به نرم افزارهای پژوهشی:

لینک ثابت به این Paper:

شناسه ملی سند علمی:

JR_CJES-21-2_003

تاریخ نمایه سازی: 31 خرداد 1403

Abstract:

In recent years, the issue of the sustainable management and protection of water resources has gained increasing emphasis in environmental policies at the local, national and supranational levels. The goal of the present study is the analysis and assessment of water quality in the Bulgarian section of the Timok, Nishava and Erma (Jerma) rivers for the period ۲۰۱۵-۲۰۲۱. The quality status of the studied river courses was assessed by the values of ten physicochemical indicators and the concentrations of eight heavy metals. The analysis and assessment performed were based on the Water Act (WA) in accordance with the criteria by Directive ۲۰۰۰/۶۰/EC or so called Water Framework Directive. The Canadian Water Quality Index (CWQI) was applied for the analysis. Achieving the goal formulated in the study could serve as a good basis for making informed management decisions.

Authors

Kristina Gartsiyanova

National Institute of Geophysics, Geodesy and Geography, Hydrology and Water Management Research Centre, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences (NIGGG-BAS), Sofia, Bulgaria & Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. ۳, Sofia ۱۱۱۳, Bulgaria

Stefan Gencev

National Institute of Geophysics, Geodesy and Geography, Department of Geography, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences (NIGGG-BAS), Sofia, Bulgaria & Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. ۳, Sofia ۱۱۱۳, Bulgaria

Atanas Kitev

National Institute of Geophysics, Geodesy and Geography, Department of Geography, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences (NIGGG-BAS), Sofia, Bulgaria & Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. ۳, Sofia ۱۱۱۳, Bulgaria

مراجع و منابع این Paper:

لیست زیر مراجع و منابع استفاده شده در این Paper را نمایش می دهد. این مراجع به صورت کاملا ماشینی و بر اساس هوش مصنوعی استخراج شده اند و لذا ممکن است دارای اشکالاتی باشند که به مرور زمان دقت استخراج این محتوا افزایش می یابد. مراجعی که مقالات مربوط به آنها در سیویلیکا نمایه شده و پیدا شده اند، به خود Paper لینک شده اند :
  • Abdulkareem Hussein, H, Khudair, SA, Alwan, M, Aljawahiry, TT, Qasim, ...
  • Brankov, J, Milijašević, D & Milanović, A ۲۰۱۲, The assessment ...
  • Brankov, J, Pešić, A, Joksimović, D, Radovanović, M & Petrović, ...
  • CCME ۲۰۰۱, Canadian water quality guidelines for the protection of ...
  • Fatih Ali, S, Hamud Hays, H & Abdul-Jabar, R ۲۰۲۱, ...
  • Feng, Y, Danying, Q, Bao, Q, Ma L, Xigang, X, ...
  • Gartsiyanova, K ۲۰۲۲, Surface water quality conservation in Bulgaria. Sofia: ...
  • Gartsiyanova, K & Varbanov, M ۲۰۱۵, Quality of the river ...
  • Gartsiyanova, K ۲۰۱۸, Water quality in selected Bulgarian ports areas ...
  • Gartsiyanova, K, Varbanov, M, Kitev, A & Genchev, S ۲۰۲۱, ...
  • Gartsiyanova, K, Kitev, A, Varbanov, M, Georgieva, S & Genchev, ...
  • Heidari, AR, Mortazavi, S & Hasanzadeh, N ۲۰۲۲, Spatiotemporal variation ...
  • Kolcheva, K ۲۰۲۰, Water policy and management of water resources ...
  • Nikolić, M, Stošić L & Gligorijević, S ۲۰۰۶, Comparative analysis ...
  • Omidi, A & Shariati, F ۲۰۲۱, Evaluation of Pasikhan River, ...
  • Sutadian, A, Muttil, N, Yilmaz, A & Perera, B ۲۰۱۶ ...
  • Uddin, MG, Nash, S & Olbert, A ۲۰۲۱, A review ...
  • UNEC ۲۰۱۵, Environmental performance reviews Serbia, Third review, United Nations ...
  • UNEP-DHI & UNEP ۲۰۱۶. Transboundary River Basins: Status and Trends, ...
  • Varbanov, M ۲۰۰۷, Complex assessment of river water quality using ...
  • Varbanov, M & Gartsiyanova, K ۲۰۱۵, Comparative Analysis of water ...
  • Varbanov, M & Gartsiyanova, K ۲۰۱۷, Index assessments of the ...
  • Internet ۱. https://www.eea.europa.eu/themes/water (European Environment Agency (EEA)) ...
  • Internet ۲. http://eea.government.bg (Executive Environment Agency (ExEA)) ...
  • Internet ۳. https://www.unwater.org/water-facts (United Nations – Water) ...
  • Internet ۴. http://www.ipacbc-bgrs.eu/overview-۰) (Interreg-IPA Cross-border Cooperation Bulgaria-Serbia Programme) ...
  • Internet ۵. https://www.moew.government.bg/en (Ministry of Environment and Water – Bulgaria) ...
  • Internet ۶. http://www.surdulica.org/cir/Siteview.asp?ID=۹۰۱۰ (Strategy for encouraging development of the outskirts ...
  • Internet۷.https://www.eea.europa.eu/policy-documents/water-framework-directive-wfd-۲۰۰۰ (Water Framework Directive, Directive ۲۰۰۰/۶۰/EC) ...
  • Internet ۸. https://unece.org/fileadmin/DAM/env/water/pdf/watercon.pdf (Convention on the protection and use of ...
  • Internet ۹. https://www.icpdr.org/main/icpdr/danube-river-protection-convention (Convention on cooperation for the protection and ...
  • نمایش کامل مراجع