Analysis of trust and social participation network among activists of sericulture in Guilan Province, Northwestern Iran and sustainable development in sericulture industry using Ucinet software

Publish Year: 1402
نوع سند: مقاله ژورنالی
زبان: English
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JR_CJES-21-2_002

تاریخ نمایه سازی: 31 خرداد 1403

Abstract:

Trust and social participation are the basic prerequisites for achieving sustainable agricultural development, which creates sustainable employment, sustainable income and empowerment of the rural community. Sericulture is an important tool in achieving sustainable development in such societies, and in this regard, the position of the network of activists is important. This study has been conducted with the aim of analyzing the network of social trust and participation among activists of sericulture in Guilan Province, Northwestern Iran to achieve sustainable agricultural development. The statistical population was composed of two groups. The first included ۷۳۱۰ silk farmers in ۱۶ counties of the province out of them, ۳۶۵ farmers were selected by simple randomization. The second included ۱۲ sericulture activists whose work activity was related to the sericulture industry of the province. A questionnaire was the main research instrument whose validity was examined by a panel of ۱۵ experts and university teachers and its reliability was estimated at ۰.۸۱ by Cronbach’s alpha. The results showed that most silk farmers report their social trust at low level, while their social participation at moderate. The analysis of other sericulture activists reveals that the coherence and stability of social trust are at moderate level, while the coherence of the participation network is at weak level and its stability is at good level. Agriculture-Jahad Organization in Iran is also the most trusted activists in the social trust and participation network of silk farmers as it has the highest in-degree centrality, whereas the activists express that the cocoon-drying factory and the silk-extraction factory are at the lowest level among the activists of the trust network, while the silk extraction factory and the private service sector are at the lowest level in the participation network.

Authors

Mohammad Karim Motamed

Department of Agricultural Economic, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, University of Guilan, Guilan, Iran

Reza Esfanjari Kenari

Department of Agricultural Economic, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, University of Guilan, Guilan, Iran

Fatemeh Ghorbani Piralidehi

Department of Agricultural Extension and Education, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, Sari Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources University, Sari, Iran

Vahid Sheidadoost

Department of Agricultural Economic, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, University of Guilan, Guilan, Iran

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