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Title

Evaluation and Optimization of Chromium Removal from Synthetic Aqueous Solutions by Powdered Spirogyra

Year: 1394
COI: JR_IAHS-2-2_002
Language: EnglishView: 315
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Authors

Gh.R Mostafaii - P.h.D, Environmental Health Engineering Department, Health Faculty, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran
H Seyyeaf - BSc, Environmental Health Engineering Department, Health Faculty, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran
L Iranshahi - MSc, Environmental Health Engineering Department, Health Faculty, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran
Gh.A Mosavi - MSc, Biostatistics & Public Health Department, Health Faculty, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran

Abstract:

Aims Heavy metals are the main pollutants in nature. Chromium is a heavy metal which iswidely used. Hexavalent chromium solubility and mobility in aqueous solutions is so highand it is easily reduced. Biosorption is a process in which heavy metals are uptake throughpassive binding by nonliving biomass from aqueous solutions. The present study aimedto determine the capability of powdered Spirogyra to remove chromium from syntheticaqueous solutions under the influence of process parameters includes pH, algal dosage, andmetal initial concentration.Materials & Methods This study was empirically carried out in laboratory scale througha batch system in Kashan region, Iran, in September 2014. Hexavalent chromium stocksolution (500mg/l) was made by solving 1.417g of dichromate potassium in 1 liter of distilledwater. The experiments were conducted with initial concentration of 10, 25, and 40mg/l ofhexavalent chromium in pH levels equal to 3, 7 and 11 and algal dosages of 0.2, 0.5 and 1g/l.The repeated-measure test was applied for statistical analysis using SPSS 16 software.Findings Maximum value of chromium removal was observed at pH=3 (70%). Hexavalentchromium removal value increased with increasing algal dosage from 0.2g/l (45%) to 1g/l(70%) in 100ml samples with 40mg/l concentration of Cr(VI). The amount of Cr(VI) boundby unit weight of biomass were increased from the initial concentration of 10 to 40mg/labout 27mg/g in all levels of pH.Conclusion Low dosages of powdered Spirogyra can remove hexavalent chromium fromwastewater and aqueous solutions.

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This Paper COI Code is JR_IAHS-2-2_002. Also You can use the following address to link to this article. This link is permanent and is used as an article registration confirmation in the Civilica reference:

https://civilica.com/doc/487681/

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Mostafaii, Gh.R and Seyyeaf, H and Iranshahi, L and Mosavi, Gh.A,1394,Evaluation and Optimization of Chromium Removal from Synthetic Aqueous Solutions by Powdered Spirogyra,https://civilica.com/doc/487681

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Type of center: علوم پزشکی
Paper count: 1,397
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