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Title

Spatial distribution of fluoride in groundwater resources in selected parts of Kurdistan province, Iran, using GIS

Year: 1395
COI: WRM06_086
Language: EnglishView: 635
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Authors

Pegah Bahmani - Kurdistan Environmental Health Research Center, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Employee of Rural Water and Wastewater Company of Kurdistan, Sannandaj, Iran.
Afshin Maleki - Kurdistan Environmental Health Research Center, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Employee of Rural Water and Wastewater Company of Kurdistan, Sannandaj, Iran.
Amir Hossein Mahvi - School of Public Health and Center for Solid Waste Research, Institute for Environmental Research, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Hiua Daraei - Kurdistan Environmental Health Research Center, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Employee of Rural Water and Wastewater Company of Kurdistan, Sannandaj, Iran.

Abstract:

Fluoride in drinking water has a profound effect on teeth. Since drinking water is an important fluoride source, the evaluation of the fluoride content in water resources is necessary. Temporal variations and spatial distribution of the drinking water fluoride in some selected parts of Kurdistan province, Iran have been studied using geographical information system (GIS) techniques. Forty villages were selected and 80 samples taken in two wet and dry seasons in 2013. Fluoride concentration was measured via Ion Chromatography (IC) method. Geospatial analysis of the data was done using the ArcGIS software developed by Environmental Systems Research Institute (ESRI). The results showed that the average fluoride concentration in drinking water ranged from 0.096 to 1.102 mg/L with the concentration being less than 0.50 mg F/L in 57 samples (71.25%), between 0.51 and 1.0 mg F/L in 21 samples (26.25 %), and greater than 1.0 mg F/l in 2 samples (2.5%). No difference was present between the concentrations of fluoride in the two-stage sampling with the nonparametric Wilcoxon test (p>0.01).

Keywords:

Kurdistan, Iran, Fluoride, Spatial distribution

Paper COI Code

This Paper COI Code is WRM06_086. Also You can use the following address to link to this article. This link is permanent and is used as an article registration confirmation in the Civilica reference:

https://civilica.com/doc/559042/

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Bahmani, Pegah and Maleki, Afshin and Mahvi, Amir Hossein and Daraei, Hiua,1395,Spatial distribution of fluoride in groundwater resources in selected parts of Kurdistan province, Iran, using GIS,6th Iranian National Water Resources Management Conference,Sanandaj,https://civilica.com/doc/559042

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    Paper count: 845
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