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A Review on Impacts of Drilling Mud Disposal on Environment and Underground Water Resources in South of Iran

Year: 1388
Language: EnglishView: 2,946
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Hassan Dashtian - Sharif University of Technology, Department of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering, Tehran, Iran
Erfan Karimyan - Sharif University of Technology, Department of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering, Tehran, Iran
Sahar Bakhshian - Sharif University of Technology, Department of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering, Tehran, Iran


In Drilling Oil Wells a system of complex fluids and chemical additives is used. Losses of these fluids in the well during drilling or disposal of them in well site could transfer pollutants to groundwater. In the present study a number of well sites, located in South of Iran, were studied to indicate types and magnitude of various pollutant materials that remain in the environment undestroyed and have considerable impacts on the underground water resources. Hydrocarbons used in Oil Base Muds (OBM) that can’t be biodegrade readily in nature found to be the most severe pollutant material caused by disposal of Drilling Mud and Cuttings. Volume of drilling waste for these oil wells evaluated to be an average almost 0.5 m3 per one meter of drilled oil well. Available common treatment methods were compared to assess the most economically and environmentally attractive treatment scenarios. Thermal desorption and reserve pit without treatment are two most dominant methods could be conducted in Southern Oil Fields of Iran, each has its advantages and disadvantages. Due to geological structure and near surface aquifer in Khuzestan province thermal desorption should be conducted to disposal cuttings to reduce their hydrocarbon content to less than 5% according to European Standard. Major challenges of drilling waste management program in onshore oil fields of Iran were studied and clear principals for managing waste streams, which include: reduce,replace, reuse, recycle, recover, treat and final dispose, were listed along with material,equipment and strategies that should be considered in each step.


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Dashtian, Hassan and Karimyan, Erfan and Bakhshian, Sahar,1388,A Review on Impacts of Drilling Mud Disposal on Environment and Underground Water Resources in South of Iran,Conference on HSE in Oil and Gas Industry,Tehran,

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  • Leuterman, A., Jones, F., Candler, J., Drilling Fluids and Reserve ...
  • Enright, D., Dye, W., Smith, F., An Enviro nmentally Safe ...
  • Young, G., Growcock, F., Talbot, K., Elements of Thermally Treating ...
  • Ravishankar, K., Thuber, M., Brower, R., McClurg, J., Waste Management ...
  • Zupan, T., Kapila, M., Thermal Desorption of Drill Muds and ...
  • Pedraza, J., Serrano, M., Recycling and Final Disposal of Waste ...
  • Puder, M., Veil, J., Options, Methods, and Costs for Offsite ...
  • Amanullah, M., An Env ironmentally Friendly and Economically Attractive Thermal ...
  • Reid, P., Elliott, G., Minton, R., Burt, D., Reduced E ...
  • Ghazi, M., Duply, J., Khodja, M., Life-Cycle Assessment (LCA) of ...
  • Imevbore, V., Nwankwo, J., Ifeadi, C., Ladan, M., Laboratory Assessment ...
  • Vicente, E., Hydrocarbon Seepage in Former Drilling Mud Pits, SPE ...
  • Degouy, D., Argillier, J., Demoulin, A., Velghe, F., Biodegradable Muds: ...
  • Sayle, S., Seymour, M., Hickey, E., Assessment of Environmental Impacts ...
  • Duchemin, G., Mojtahid, M., Bicchi, E., _ New Monitoring Tool ...
  • Perry, M., Griffin, J., Chemical Treatment of Cuttings Drilled With ...
  • Drilling Fluids Manual, Amoco Production Company ...

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