Effect of Socioeconomic Factors on the Constructs of the Modified Theory of Planned Behavior in Relation to Reproductive Health in Adolescents: Cross-sectional Study

Publish Year: 1396
نوع سند: مقاله ژورنالی
زبان: English
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شناسه ملی سند علمی:

JR_HEHP-5-3_003

تاریخ نمایه سازی: 1 مرداد 1397

Abstract:

Aim: The aim of this study was to determine the effect of socioeconomic factors on the constructs of the modified Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) in relation to reproductive health in adolescents. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 578 female students aged 12-16 years, recruited through a multistage random cluster sampling method, in Tehran, Iran. A self-administered TPB-based constructed questionnaire was designed and used for data gathering. Multivariate regression analyses were conducted to examine the association between family size, number of siblings, birth rank, and family closeness, source of information, and reproductive health behavior. Findings: The mean age of the participants was 14.1 years. None of the participants obtained a perfect score in relation to reproductive health. In addition, they achieved average scores less than half the rates. Number of siblings, family size, birth rank, mother education and information source were factors associated with TPB the constructs (p<0.001). Conclusion: The results of this study emphasize that Socioeconomic factors can have an effective role in students sexual and reproductive health behaviors.

Keywords:

Reproductive health , Socioeconomic , Theory of planed behavior , Adolescents

Authors

Fatemeh Darabi

Ph.D. in Health Education & Promotion, Assistant Professor, School of Asadabad Medical Sciences, Asadabad, Iran

Mehdi Yaseri

Assistant Professor, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Faculty of Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Farideh Khalajabadi Farahani

Associate Professor, Department of Health Education and Health Promotion, Faculty of Health, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

Aghbabak Maheri

Ph.D. Student of Health Education and Promotion, Department of Public Health, School of Public Health, Torbat Heydariyeh University of Medical Sciences, Torbat Heydariyeh, Iran