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Title

Evaluation of Iranian Household s Diet in terms of Calcium and Iron Density in the Seven Provinces of Iran

Year: 1396
COI: JR_JNFS-2-2_005
Language: EnglishView: 223
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Authors

Saeedeh Valaei - MSc, National Nutrition and Food Technology Research Institute, School of Nutrition and Food Technology, ShahidBeheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Arash Rashidi - PhD, Nutrition Research Department, National Nutrition and Food Technology Research Institute, School of NutritionSciences and Food Technology, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Arezoo Haghighian Roudsari - PhD, Department of Community Nutrition, National Nutrition and Food Technology Research Institute, School of NutritionSciences and Food Technology, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Anahita Houshyarrad - MSc, Nutrition Research Department, National Nutrition and Food Technology Research Institute, School of NutritionSciences and Food Technology, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Abstract:

Background: Imbalanced diet, as it may cause micronutrient malnutrition hasbeen known as a causal factor for several chronic diseases. Several studies inIran have shown that some micro-nutrient deficiencies are prevalent and of highconcern. Minerals such as calcium and iron can supply physical and mentalhealth as well as survival, and growth development. In this study, Nutrientdensity analysis was used to display Iranian households diet quality. Methods:In this descriptive-analytical study, the diet quality of seven provinces, namelyEastern Azarbaijan, Isfahan, Tehran, Khorasan, Khouzestan, Sistan Balochestanand Fars was assessed in terms of calcium and iron. To do so, the data wereobtained through national household food consumption survey conducted byNational Nutrition & Food Technology Research Institute, 2000-02, in Iran.Results: Generally, 80% of households calcium density was less than thestandard value and this rate was 40-70% for iron. Index of nutrition quality(INQ) for calcium and iron were respectively almost 1/2 and 1/3 of requirementsin all provinces. Conclusions: There were significant differences in calciumintake density between the rural and urban households however; there were nodifferences between the selective provinces and all over the country.

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This Paper COI Code is JR_JNFS-2-2_005. Also You can use the following address to link to this article. This link is permanent and is used as an article registration confirmation in the Civilica reference:

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Valaei, Saeedeh and Rashidi, Arash and Haghighian Roudsari, Arezoo and Houshyarrad, Anahita,1396,Evaluation of Iranian Household s Diet in terms of Calcium and Iron Density in the Seven Provinces of Iran,https://civilica.com/doc/764250

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Paper count: 5,527
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