Disaster Psychological Rehabilitation by the Sustainable Development Approach in Iran

Publish Year: 1398
نوع سند: مقاله ژورنالی
زبان: English
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شناسه ملی سند علمی:

JR_JDER-2-1_003

تاریخ نمایه سازی: 30 تیر 1398

Abstract:

The concepts of sustainable development referred to global correlations between environmental problems with (social issues, economic poverty, inequalities), awareness and concerns about the future of human health. The most destructive natural and manmade hazards are damaging factors for communities and their environmental health. As well as incidents and conflicts are longtime history events of distasteful life phenomena that make to knees human and cause the geographic faces of many communities to change unexpectedly. Disaster impacts are death and millions of disabled people in the world each year, so the physical, mental and financial damages should be important to consider as a barrier to sustainable development of the communities (1, 2). The role of disaster management is to minimize the adverse consequences of natural and manmade hazards at the level of society and natural resources by risk reduction activity, improving preparedness, timely response, preventing injuries, and recovery by sustainable development concepts. Although the creation of social capacity is not as important as structural shelter defenses and evacuation plans, the governments should focus on restoring physiological and social infrastructure by identifying the minimum measures after disasters. So with the same goal, disaster mental health management can develop in order to adopt unusual circumstances at the points of victims and rescuer views, and then overcome the community psychological challenges after adverse events. Therefore, the rare disorder population may enhance after disasters and communities are resilience to mental problems during and after unusual circumstances (3). Understanding the complexity of the problems and the concepts of rehabilitation has an important role in effectively communicating during the rehabilitating programs. So the review of past collected data, detecting the statistical analyses related to rehabilitation services, and the opinions of relevant experience are required to investigate on vulnerable groups and why they are more vulnerable (4).

Authors

Mohammad Hassan Ehrampoush

Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran

Abbas Ali Dehghani Tafti

Department of Disaster and Emergency Health, School of Public Health, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran

Farzaneh Aminharati

Department of Pathobiology, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran