One-Dimensional Modeling of Helicopter-Borne Electromagnetic Data Using Marquardt-Levenberg Including Backtracking-Armijo Line Search Strategy

Publish Year: 1398
نوع سند: مقاله ژورنالی
زبان: English
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تاریخ نمایه سازی: 27 شهریور 1398


In the last decades, helicopter-borne electromagnetic (HEM) method became a focus of interest in the fields of mineral exploration, geological mapping, groundwater resource investigation and environmental monitoring. As a standard approach, researchers use 1-D inversion of the acquired HEM data to recover the conductivity/resistivity-depth models. Since the relation between HEM data and model parameters is strongly nonlinear, in the case of dealing with simple 1-D models which the number of model parameters is less than the number of measured data, i.e. overdetermined system, implementation of regularized nonlinear least square methods is a common approach to recover the model parameters. Among the least square methods, Marquardt-Levenberg acts as an integrated optimization algorithm which comprises both the gradient-descent and Gauss-Newton strategies. This algorithm resolves the deficiencies of the slow convergence of gradient-descent and the singularity of the sparse matrix in the Gauss-Newton. Furthermore, involving the line search strategy improves the objective function to ensure that the algorithm converges to the global optimum point. In this research work, we implemented the Marquardt-Levenberg including the backtracking-Armijo line search for HEM data inverse modeling. Moreover, we used a linear filter of the Fast Hankel Transform (FHT) to figure out the forward operator for data simulation. Developing our algorithm via programming using MATLAB, we successfully obtained a resistivity model of layered earth. We employed the algorithm to recover a resistivity model from the HEM data acquired above the Alut region located at the northwest of Iran where is characterized by shear zone structure consisting of chlorite schist, Phyllite/Phyllonite, metamorphosed limestone and dolomite, mylonite and ultra-mylonite rock units. As a result, in accordance with the geological map the study area, we have successfully derived a resistivity-depth section of the subsurface along the HEM flight line and detected plausible shear zone and mylonitic granite as the favorite targets for the orogenic gold mineralization.


fereydoun sharifi

School of Mining, Petroleum and Geophysics Engineering, Shahrood University.

Ali Reza Arab-Amiri

School of Mining, Petroleum and Geophysics Engineering, Shahrood University

Abolghasem Kamkar-Rouhani

Shahrood University

Ralph-Uwe Börner

Institut für Geophysik und Geoinformatik TU Bergakademie Freiberg Gustav-Zeuner-Str. ۱۲ ۰۹۵۹۹ Freiberg, Germany