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Title

Anxiety during pregnancy and preeclampsia: a case - control study

Year: 1396
COI: JR_JMREH-5-1_004
Language: EnglishView: 192
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Authors

Masoumeh Kordi - Assistant Professor, Department of Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Mashhad, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
Azra Vahed - MSc Student, Department of Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
Fariborz Rezaee Talab - Assistant Professor, Department of Neurological Diseases, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
Seyed Reza Mazloum - Instructor of Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran

Abstract:

Introduction:  Preeclampsia is the common and dangerous complication of pregnancy with unknown reason. Multiple causes such as depression, psychological and physical stress may be involved in its development. This study was performed to determine the relationship between anxiety during pregnancy and the incidence of preeclampsia. Methods: This case-control study was conducted on 150 pregnant women with preeclampsia and 150 healthy pregnant women referred to health centers and academic hospitals of Mashhad in 2014. The diagnosis of preeclampsia was made by systolic blood pressure ≥140 mm Hg or diastolic blood pressure ≥90 mm Hg accompanied with urinary protein excretion more than 300 mg per 24 hours. The cutoff point for the presence of anxiety was the score of ≥8; the score of 8-9 was mild anxiety and the score of 20 was very severe anxiety. Data collection tools included the form of demographic characteristics, clinical and laboratory signs of preeclampsia, and depression, anxiety, and stress scale (DASS 21). Data were analyzed using SPSS software (version 16) and independent t-test, Mann-Whitney, Chi-square, and logistic regressions model. P Results: We found significant relationship between anxiety and preeclampsia (P<0.001), so that 26.7% of those with preeclampsia and 10.7% of control group had anxiety. Participants with anxiety had 2.90 fold increased risk of preeclampsia in comparison with those without it (OR =2.90, CI95%:1.46 - 4.26). Conclusion: Due to an increased risk of preeclampsia in women with anxiety during pregnancy, it can be considered as a risk factor for preeclampsia.

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Paper COI Code

This Paper COI Code is JR_JMREH-5-1_004. Also You can use the following address to link to this article. This link is permanent and is used as an article registration confirmation in the Civilica reference:

https://civilica.com/doc/942159/

How to Cite to This Paper:

If you want to refer to this Paper in your research work, you can simply use the following phrase in the resources section:
Kordi, Masoumeh and Vahed, Azra and Rezaee Talab, Fariborz and Mazloum, Seyed Reza,1396,Anxiety during pregnancy and preeclampsia: a case - control study,https://civilica.com/doc/942159

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