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Title

تاثیر لمس بر شدت و مدت درد ناشی از رگ گیری در کودکان دبستانی

تاثیر لمس بر شدت و مدت درد ناشی از رگ گیری در کودکان دبستانی
Year: 1393
COI: JR_EBCJ-4-2_002
Language: EnglishView: 226
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Authors

Ali Safari - MS in Pediatric Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
Hamidreza Behnam Vashani - nstructor of Pediatric Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
Tayebeh Reyhani - Instructor of Pediatric Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
Alireza Ataei Nakhei - Assistant Professor of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran

Abstract:

Background: Pain has physiological and psychological effects on a child s life and various body systems. Tactile stimulation affects the central nervous system and releases analgesic drugs resulting in the inhibition of pain. Aim: The main purpose of this study was effect of touch on the intensity and duration of pain during venipuncture in school-age children. Methods: This clinical trial was conducted on 60 children of school age in the emergency department of Imam Reza (AS) hospital and doctor Sheikh Hospital in 2014. Children were selected by convenience sampling and randomly divided into two groups, touch and control group. Touch group received intervention for 5 minutes by palms movements and kicks on the site before and during venipuncture by researcher, and then venipuncture was immediately performed by a nurse colleague. The control group did not receive any intervention. FACES instruments were used to assess pain intensity. Pain was measured for 5 min by a chronometer. Data were analyzed by Kolmogorov-Smirnov, Chi-square tests, Mann - Whitney and independent t-test using SPSS software version 11. Results: In this study, 65% were boys and 35% girls. The average age of children was 8.3±2.3 years. There was a significant difference between touch and control groups in pain of needle insertion into the skin within the first second (p<0.001). Independent t-tests showed that there was no significant difference between touch (242.0±67.7) and control (278.0±82.3) groups in duration of venipuncture pain (p=0.07). Conclusion: Touch is effective in reducing the intensity of pain during venipuncture in children. This is an easy and practical nursing intervention to reduce negative impact of pain on children.

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Paper COI Code

This Paper COI Code is JR_EBCJ-4-2_002. Also You can use the following address to link to this article. This link is permanent and is used as an article registration confirmation in the Civilica reference:

https://civilica.com/doc/945712/

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If you want to refer to this Paper in your research work, you can simply use the following phrase in the resources section:
Safari, Ali and Behnam Vashani, Hamidreza and Reyhani, Tayebeh and Ataei Nakhei, Alireza,1393,تاثیر لمس بر شدت و مدت درد ناشی از رگ گیری در کودکان دبستانی,https://civilica.com/doc/945712

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