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Title

Assessment of Food Insecurity among Tehranian s households

Year: 1398
COI: FSACONF02_014
Language: EnglishView: 278
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Authors

Fatemeh Esfarjani - Faculty of Nutrition and Food Technology, National Nutrition & Food Technology Research Institute (NNFTRI), Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Hedayat Hosseini - Department of Food Technology, Faculty of Nutrition and Food Technology, National Nutrition & Food Technology Research Institute (NNFTRI), Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Yeganeh Salmani - Faculty of Nutrition and Food Technology, National Nutrition & Food Technology Research Institute (NNFTRI), Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Fatemeh Mohammadi-Nasrabadi - Faculty of Nutrition and Food Technology, National Nutrition & Food Technology Research Institute (NNFTRI), Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Abstract:

Objective: Food security is one of the important determinants of health status in human life. Food insecurity has emerged as a global crisis following the global economic meltdown. This study was undertaken to identify household s food insecurity status in Tehran, Iran.Method: In this cross- sectional study, 630 households were selected randomly from ten health centers in five districts of Tehran. A self-reported questionnaire was completed by interviewing, including demographic status and food security which was measured at the household level. A locally-adapted HFIAS (Household food Insecurity Access Scale).Results: Most of women were housewives (92%) less than 35 years old (60%), their educational level were middle to diploma (54 %), and 42% of fathers had an independent job. Findings from responses for each question of HFIAS showed that, the highest proportion of participants reported ‘not going a whole day and night without eating (96.3%), 18% of them were rarely ‘unable to eat preferred foods’, 16.3% of participants sometimes ‘eat just a few kinds of food’, and 4.4% of them often ‘eat foods that they really do not want to eat’. Totally food security was observed in 56% of households. Mildly, moderately, and severely food insecure households were 29, 12, and 3%, respectively.Conclusion: The findings showed that food insecurity prevalent among households of Tehran. Therefore policymakers should be aware and informed about the significant role that food security can play on the physical, social, and psychological status. It may also affect the quality of life of households.

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Esfarjani, Fatemeh and Hosseini, Hedayat and Salmani, Yeganeh and Mohammadi-Nasrabadi, Fatemeh,1398,Assessment of Food Insecurity among Tehranian s households,Second International Conference on Food Science, Organic Agriculture and Food Security,https://civilica.com/doc/997393

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Type of center: علوم پزشکی
Paper count: 5,539
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