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Factors Affecting Quality of Life in Postmenopausal Women

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Year: 2019
COI code: DTOGIMED03_189
Paper Language: English

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Authors Factors Affecting Quality of Life in Postmenopausal Women

Soheila Nazarpour - Department of Midwifery, Chalous Branch, Islamic Azad University, Chalous, Iran
  Masoumeh Simbar - Midwifery and Reproductive Health Research Center, Department of Midwifery and Reproductive Health, School ofNursing and Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Fahimeh Ramezani Tehrani - Reproductive Endocrinology Research Center, Research Institute for Endocrine Sciences, Shahid Beheshti Universityof Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  Hamid Alavi Majd - Department of Biostatistics, School of Paramedicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Abstract:

Background and Aim : Background: Quality of life (QoL) after menopause could be influenced by a hostof personal and social factors. The aim of this study was to determine the factors that affect QoL amongpostmenopausal women.Methods : This is a cross-sectional study of 405 postmenopausal women, aged 40 to 65 years, who residedin the cities of Chalous and Noshahr, Iran. After a multi-stage randomized sampling, data were collectedthrough interviews with the participants using the World Health Organization Quality of Life-BRIEF(WHOQOL-BRIEF), the Menopause Rating Scale (MRS), and a researcher-designed questionnaire. Thedata were analyzed using the statistics software SPSS 18.Results : The participants’ mean total score of QoL was 54.53±7.18, with the highest and lowest scoresobtained in the physical-health and psychological domains, respectively. A negative correlation was foundbetween the scores of QoL (total and all subscales) and the MRS total scores. The total scores of QoL werein a negative correlation with duration of menopause (r=-0.127,P=0.010), gravida (r=-0.177,P<0.001),parity (r=-0.165,P=0.001), frequency of stillbirth (r=-0.104,P=0.037), frequency of vaginal delivery (r=-0.161,P=0.001), and waist-to-hip ratio (r=-0.195,P<0.001). The QoL total scores had a positive correlationwith the educational level of the participants (r=0.207,P<0.001) and that of their spouses (r=0.160,P=0.001)along with their level of monthly family income (r=0.218,P<0.001). Multiple-linear-regression analysisshowed that income adequacy, waist-to-hip ratio, and the total score of MRS were predictors of the totalscore of QoL.Conclusion : Personal and social factors along with the severity of menopausal symptoms affect QoL postmenopause.These factors need to have a bearing on any effort to improve QoL among postmenopausalwomen.

Keywords:

Menopause; Quality of life; Effective factors

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COI code: DTOGIMED03_189

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Nazarpour, Soheila; Masoumeh Simbar; Fahimeh Ramezani Tehrani & Hamid Alavi Majd, 2019, Factors Affecting Quality of Life in Postmenopausal Women, 3rd debatable topics on obstetrics gynecology & infertility, تهران, دانشگاه علوم پزشكي و خدمات بهداشتي و درماني شهيد بهشتي, https://www.civilica.com/Paper-DTOGIMED03-DTOGIMED03_189.htmlInside the text, wherever referred to or an achievement of this article is mentioned, after mentioning the article, inside the parental, the following specifications are written.
First Time: (Nazarpour, Soheila; Masoumeh Simbar; Fahimeh Ramezani Tehrani & Hamid Alavi Majd, 2019)
Second and more: (Nazarpour; Simbar; Ramezani Tehrani & Alavi Majd, 2019)
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