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CLASSIFICATION OF SENSIBILITY OF JAUSK COASTS FOR FINDING A ZONE TO DEVELOP SHIP RECYCLING INDUSTRY

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Year: 2018
COI code: ICOPMAS13_022
Paper Language: English

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Authors CLASSIFICATION OF SENSIBILITY OF JAUSK COASTS FOR FINDING A ZONE TO DEVELOP SHIP RECYCLING INDUSTRY

  Abdoreza Karbassi - Department of Environmental Engineering, Graduate Faculty of Environment, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
  Meysam Matinfar - Department of Environmental Engineering, Graduate Faculty of Environment, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
  Sepehr Parsa - Department of Environmental Engineering, Graduate Faculty of Environment, University of Tehran, Tehran,Iran,

Abstract:

Iran’s proximity to the Oman Sea and the Persian Gulf and access to the oceans has led to the creation of exceptional opportunities for naval operations and ocean fleets. These ships, in spite of their long and limited lives, should eventually be scraped. Generally, ships have useful lives between 25 and 30 years. As their age grows, their safety factor decreases and theircosts of storage and also their environmental hazards increase. therefore, the owners would be obliged to scrap those ships Over the last few years, this industry has beendiscussed in most of Iranian maritime communities, but no clear results have yet been obtained. Environmental pollution is the main reason for the opposition againstthe implementation of this industry, but study on the case of the countries owning this industry shows that, for example in countries such as China and Turkey, theimplementation of this industry under international laws and regulations has not led to any environmental pollution, and even caused lots of economic profit [1].Marine pollution with various metals along with their ecological risks is well discussed and documented [2, 3, 4, 5]. Also the Evaluation of oil pollution dispersion invarious media is brought out [6]. One of the determinant factors in the development of ship recycling industry is the coastal location for the operations, meaning that we have to choose a coast which has the least environmental sensitivity for carrying out the activity [7]. Jausk is one of the places with the potential for designing a ship recycling yardSelection of coastal-marine protected areas as well as coastal-marine sensitive areas is conducted by using criteria of IUCN, IMO [8] and Salm & Price (1995) [9],including 12 main criteria and 20 sub criteria and Each criterion takes a numerical value by adopting a grading method and finally, the right spot for the operation isfound. Such studies have been attended by some researchers [10]. This is a very important issue along the Oman and the Persian Gulf where mangroves arefound in plenty [11]. In this research, after selecting the main criteria and sub criteria for determining the environmental sensitivity of Jausk coastal areas, each criterion adoptsa numerical value by using scoring method. Then, according to the obtained points, the sensitivity of the region will be determined. Finally, coasts with a lowsensitivity to work were chosen to organize sunken ships and ships that their life is over. In order to evaluate the environmental sensitivity of the coastalareas of Jausk, the main and secondary criteria were described in Table 1. Accordingly, 12 main criteria and 20 sub criteria were used.

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Karbassi, Abdoreza; Meysam Matinfar & Sepehr Parsa, 2018, CLASSIFICATION OF SENSIBILITY OF JAUSK COASTS FOR FINDING A ZONE TO DEVELOP SHIP RECYCLING INDUSTRY, 13th International Conference on Coasts, Ports and Marine Structures, تهران, سازمان بنادر و دريانوردي, https://www.civilica.com/Paper-ICOPMAS13-ICOPMAS13_022.htmlInside the text, wherever referred to or an achievement of this article is mentioned, after mentioning the article, inside the parental, the following specifications are written.
First Time: (Karbassi, Abdoreza; Meysam Matinfar & Sepehr Parsa, 2018)
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Paper No.: 55073
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