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Title

Importance of CNOT8 Deadenylase Subunit in DNA Damage Responses Following Ionizing Radiation (IR)

مجله گزارش های بیوشیمی و زیست شناسی مولکولی، دوره: 9، شماره: 2
Year: 1399
COI: JR_RBMB-9-2_005
Language: EnglishView: 148
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Authors

Samira Eskandarian - Department of Biology, Faculty of Basic Sciences, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran & Institute of Cancer and Genomic Sciences, College of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK. B۱۵ ۲TT
Roger Grand - Institute of Cancer and Genomic Sciences, College of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK. B۱۵ ۲TT
Shiva Irani - Department of Biology, Faculty of Basic Sciences, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
Mohsen Saeedi - Stem Cell Research Center, Gorgan Faculty of Medicine, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Golestan province, Iran
Reza Mirfakhraie - Department of Medical Genetics, School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Abstract:

Background: The Ccr4-Not protein complex (CNOT complex) is a key regulator of gene expression in eukaryotic cells. Ccr4-Not Complex is composed of at least nine conserved subunits in mammalian cells with two main enzymatic activities. CNOT8 is a subunit of the complex with deadenylase activity that interacts transiently with the CNOT6 or CNOT6L subunits. Here, we focused on the role of the human CNOT8 subunit in the DNA damage response (DDR). Methods: Cell viability was assessed to measure ATP level using a Cell Titer-Glo Luminescence reagent up to 4 days’ post CNOT8 siRNA transfection. In addition, expression level of phosphorylated proteins in signalling pathways were detected by western blotting and immunofluorescence microscopy. CNOT8-depleted Hela cells post- 3 Gy ionizing radiation (IR) treatment were considered as a control. Results: Our results from cell viability assays indicated a significant reduction at 72-hour post CNOT8 siRNA transfection (p= 0.04). Western blot analysis showed slightly alteration in the phosphorylation of DNA damage response (DDR) proteins in CNOT8-depleted HeLa cells following treatment with ionizing radiation (IR). Increased foci formation of gH2AX, RPA, 53BP1, and RAD51 foci was observed after IR in CNOT8-depleted cells compared to the control cells. Conclusions: We conclude that CNOT8 deadenylase subunit is involved in the cellular response to DNA damage.

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Eskandarian, Samira and Grand, Roger and Irani, Shiva and Saeedi, Mohsen and Mirfakhraie, Reza,1399,Importance of CNOT8 Deadenylase Subunit in DNA Damage Responses Following Ionizing Radiation (IR),https://civilica.com/doc/1141867

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Type of center: Azad University
Paper count: 37,210
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