An analytical and Monte Carlo investigation of the sufficiency of the present shielding of PET/CT imaging system at Tehran's Shariati hospital‎

Publish Year: 1399
نوع سند: مقاله ژورنالی
زبان: English
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JR_RPE-1-3_005

تاریخ نمایه سازی: 22 دی 1399

Abstract:

‎By the rapid development of imaging systems such as PET/CT for diagnosis of cancer‎, ‎the protection of staff and public has become a main health concern‎. ‎Due to serious and irreversible harms of ionization radiations‎, ‎protection of all those who are exposed is the main concern of health issues‎. ‎The main basis of the calculation of the shielding design in the medical imaging systems is that the absorbed dose should not exceed the allowed limit‎. ‎In this study‎, ‎the current shielding status of the PET/CT installations in Tehran's Shariati hospital was investigated using the MCNPX Monte Carlo code to ensure that the dose limits for both the controlled and uncontrolled area are not violated‎. ‎The proposed simulation method was benchmarked with a validated analytical method‎. ‎Shariati hospital provides services to four patients every day‎, ‎leading to a dose rate in the range of 2.6 × 10-6 to 9.35 × 10-3 mSv/week‎. ‎The minimum dose rate in this range represents the value behind the door of the waiting room (public uncontrolled area)‎, ‎while the maximum in this range corresponds to the value behind the glass of the scanner room (operator controlled area)‎. ‎The simulation results for 8 patients/day in this center showed that the dose rate behind the wall of the injection room will increase from 4.88 ×10-6 mSv/week to 2.81 × 10-2 mSv/week‎, ‎which is well below the recommended levels‎. ‎This indicates that the present shielding is adequate for up to four more patients per day‎.

Authors

‎Fereshteh Gholami

Faculty of Nuclear Engineering and Physics‎, ‎Amirkabir University of Technology‎, ‎Tehran‎, ‎Iran‎.

‎Ehsan Alibeigi

Faculty of Nuclear Engineering and Physics‎, ‎Amirkabir University of Technology‎, ‎Tehran‎, ‎Iran‎.

‎Mojtaba Shamsaei-Zafarghandi

Faculty of Nuclear Engineering and Physics‎, ‎Amirkabir University of Technology‎, ‎Tehran‎, ‎Iran‎.

‎Ehsan Nazemi

Nuclear Science and Technology Research Institute‎, ‎Tehran‎, ‎Iran

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