The efficacy of Echinacea (Echinacea purpurea) methanol extract on growth performance in grey mullet (Mugil cephalus)

Publish Year: 1395
نوع سند: مقاله ژورنالی
زبان: English
View: 323

This Paper With 11 Page And PDF Format Ready To Download

  • Certificate
  • من نویسنده این مقاله هستم

استخراج به نرم افزارهای پژوهشی:

لینک ثابت به این Paper:

شناسه ملی سند علمی:

JR_IJAAH-2-2_002

تاریخ نمایه سازی: 13 اسفند 1399

Abstract:

This experiment was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of different levels of Echinacea (Echinacea purpurea) methanol extract on the growth performances (final weight (FW), daily growth ratio (DGR), feed conversion rate (FCR), voluntary feed intake (VFI) and protein efficiency ratio (PER) and some of hematological parameters (hemoglobin (Hb), hematocrit (Hct), red blood cell (RBC) and white blood cell (WBC) of  grey mullet (Mugil cephalus). The experiment was conducted in a completely randomized design with 360 of larvae (with average weight of 0.75±0.03g) in 4 treatments: control group without using Echinacea extract, an another groups (treatment 2, 3 and 4) the amounts of this  extract were 50,100 and 200 g/kg food. The highest FW (4.22±0.11g), DGI (1.72±0.50%) and the lowest FCR (0.95±0.05) and VFI (1.77±0.05%), were observed in treatment 4. But treatment 4 in all of these growth parameters did not show a significant difference compared with treatment 3 (P> 0.05). After 60 days, treatments 3 and 4, showed significantly higher RBC, WBC, Hb and Hct than those fed the control diet. Finally, the present results suggest that diet containing 100 and 200 g kg-1 extract could improve growth and hematological parameter of M. cephalus.

Authors

P Akbary

Department of Marine Sciences, Chabahar Maritime University, Fisheries group, Chabahar, Iran

S Kakoolaki

ranian Fisheries Science Research Institute (IFSRI), Agricultural Research Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Tehran, Iran

H Salehi

ranian Fisheries Science Research Institute (IFSRI), Agricultural Research Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Tehran, Iran

m j Zorriehzahra

ranian Fisheries Science Research Institute (IFSRI), Agricultural Research Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Tehran, Iran

A Sepahdari

ranian Fisheries Science Research Institute (IFSRI), Agricultural Research Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Tehran, Iran

M R Mehrabi

ranian Fisheries Science Research Institute (IFSRI), Agricultural Research Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Tehran, Iran

S Jadgal

Offshore Research Center, Iranian Fisheries Science Research Institute (IFSRI), Agricultural Research Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Chabahar, Iran

مراجع و منابع این Paper:

لیست زیر مراجع و منابع استفاده شده در این Paper را نمایش می دهد. این مراجع به صورت کاملا ماشینی و بر اساس هوش مصنوعی استخراج شده اند و لذا ممکن است دارای اشکالاتی باشند که به مرور زمان دقت استخراج این محتوا افزایش می یابد. مراجعی که مقالات مربوط به آنها در سیویلیکا نمایه شده و پیدا شده اند، به خود Paper لینک شده اند :
  • Aly S.M., John G., El-Naggar G. & Mohamed F. ...
  •  Choi Y.H., Lee B.J. & Nam T.J. (2015) Effect ...
  •  Citarasu T., Sekar R.R., Babu M.M. & Marian M.P. ...
  •  Goldenfarb P.B., Bowyer F.P., Hall T. & Brosious E. ...
  •  Guz L., Sopinska A. & Oniszczuk T. (2011 ) ...
  •  Jayaprakas V. & Sambhu C. (1996 ) Growth response ...
  •  Kasiri M., Farahi A. & Sudagar M. (2011) Effects ...
  • Lee R.G., Foerster J., Jukens J., Paraskevas F., Greer ...
  • Maass N., Bauer J., Paulicks B.R., Bohmer B.M. & ...
  • Nwabueze A.A. (2012) The Effect of Garlic (Allium sativum) ...
  •    Oskoii S.B., Kohyani A.T., Parseh A., Salati A.P. & ...
  • Sahu S., Das B.K., Mishra B.K., Pradhan J. & ...
  •  Shalaby A.M., Khattab Y.M. & Abdel Rahman A.M. (2006) ...
  •  Shaluei F., Hedayati A., Jahanbakhshi A. & Baghfalaki M. ...
  •   Sivaram V., Babu M.M., Citarasu T., Immanuel G., Murugadass ...
  •  Turan C., Gürlek M., Ergüden D., Yağlioğlu D. & ...
  • نمایش کامل مراجع