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Title

Determination of zinc, copper, lead and cadmium concentration in breastmilk by anodic stripping voltammetry method and investigating their impact on infants’ growth indicators

Year: 1399
COI: JR_JHHHM-1-2_004
Language: EnglishView: 70
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Authors

Naficeh Sadeghi - Department of Drug and Food Control, School of Pharmacy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Behrooz Jannat - Halal Research Center, Ministry of Health and Medical Education, Tehran, Iran.
Masoomeh Behzad - Department of Drug and Food Control, School of Pharmacy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Mohammad Oveisi - Department of Drug and Food Control, School of Pharmacy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Mannan Hajimahmoodi - Department of Drug and Food Control, School of Pharmacy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Fatemeh Ahmadi - Department of Drug and Food Control, School of Pharmacy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Abstract:

Background and objective: Breastmilk provides nutritional, immunological, psychological, and developmental benefits for infants. Zinc and copper are essential elements, being involved in many biological processes. Their insufficient intake by infants can detrimentally affect function of body. In comparison, lead and cadmium are harmful trace elements which accumulate in women before pregnancy, transfer to fetus through placenta in pregnancy and then to infant through breastmilk in lactating period. The aims of this study was to investigate effect of zinc, copper, lead, and cadmium in breastmilk on infants’ growth and their correlations with the mothers’ dietary intake. Materials and methods: Breastmilk samples and food intake information were collected from 160 lactating women in Tehran. Concentration of copper, zinc, lead and cadmium were determined by anodic stripping voltammetry conducted by microwave digestion. Results and conclusion: According to the results, concentration of copper, zinc, lead and cadmium were 0.36 ±0.33 mg/l, 2.40 ±2.02 mg/l, 7.15 ±5.96 μg/l, and 1.07 ±1.14 μg/l, respectively. Concentration of zinc and copper in breastmilk were increased by consumption of dairy, vegetables, fruits, bread, and nuts. Infants’ height, weight and head circumstance at birthday were directly correlated with zinc concentration while reversed correlation was observed for copper, lead and cadmium in the samples. In conclusion, controlled dietary intake of women before pregnancy and after childbirth has significant impact on healthy status of the infants. Obviously, more attention should be paid on potential sources of lead intake in women of Tehran because of its high concentration in the samples.

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This Paper COI Code is JR_JHHHM-1-2_004. Also You can use the following address to link to this article. This link is permanent and is used as an article registration confirmation in the Civilica reference:

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Sadeghi, Naficeh and Jannat, Behrooz and Behzad, Masoomeh and Oveisi, Mohammad and Hajimahmoodi, Mannan and Ahmadi, Fatemeh,1399,Determination of zinc, copper, lead and cadmium concentration in breastmilk by anodic stripping voltammetry method and investigating their impact on infants’ growth indicators,https://civilica.com/doc/1170706

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Type of center: علوم پزشکی
Paper count: 8,116
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