Release of Microplastic Fibers from Carpet-Washing Workshops Wastewater

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1399

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مقاله ژورنالی

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Persian

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شناسه ملی سند علمی:

JR_WWJ-31-6_003

تاریخ نمایه سازی: 8 خرداد 1400

Abstract:

Microplastics have raised many concerns because of their potential negative impacts on the environment. Identifying the sources of microplastics release to the environment is a challenging subject. Synthetic textiles, such as machine woven carpets, are highly capable to propagate and emit microplastics, especially fibers. While the carpet cleaning service has experienced a fast growth due to urbanization and its impact on life style, there is a lack of information on the number and the size of fibers, which are released during the washing process. In this study, we characterized the microplastic fibers in the wastewater of two carpet-washing workshops in the cities of Ahwaz and Sari in Iran. Three replicates of ۱۰ L-samples were taken from the wastewater of washing and drying stages. All samples were passed through sieves of ۵۰۰, ۳۰۰ and ۳۷ μm. The residues were washed with ۱ L distilled water and poured into clean glass bottles. Then, the samples were passed through ۲۵ μm filter paper. The remained materials on the filter were examined using a stereo microscope. Shapiro-Wilk and Levin tests were applied to test the normality and homogeneity of data. One-way ANOVA test was used to investigate the differences in size of microplastic fibers and independent t-test to determine the difference between the total number of the released microplastic fibers and the ones at each stage in the cities. More than ۳۰۹۷ and ۱۸۲۴ microplastic fibers per square meter of carpet (equal to ۸۱ and ۴۸ microplastic fibers per liter of wastewater) were counted in the workshops in Ahwaz and Sari, respectively. The shares of microplastic fibers in the size of ≥۵۰۰, ۳۰۰-۵۰۰ and ۳۷-۳۰۰ μm were ۱۸.۴%, ۲۴.۶%, ۵۷% in Ahwaz and ۱۴.۴%, ۲۸.۸%, ۵۶.۸% in Sari, respectively. The number of released microplastic fibers per liter of wastewater of carpet washing workshops is much higher than the number of fibers in the raw wastewater entering Sari WWTP, which was ۴.۹-۱۲ microplastic fibers per liter. The washing of machine woven carpets is an important emission source of microplastic fibers especially with the size of less than ۳۰۰ micron. The number of released microplastic fibers depends on the type of washing and drying practices. It is expected its emission load will sharply increase in future due to the booming growth in demand for these kinds of reasonably priced floor covers.

Authors

SoudabeAlipour
Soudabe Alipour

MSc. in Environmental Sciences Research Institute, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran

Seyed HosseinHashemi
Seyed Hossein Hashemi

Assoc. Prof., Environmental Sciences Research Institute, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran

Somayye SadatAlavian Petroody
Somayye Sadat Alavian Petroody

PhD Candidate, Environmental Sciences Research Institute, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran

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