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Title

Risk Factors of Anthroponotic Cutaneous Leishmaniasis Among Residents in Endemic Communities in Southeast of Iran in ۲۰۱۹

Year: 1399
COI: JR_JEHSD-6-1_007
Language: EnglishView: 96
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Authors

Ismaeil Alizadeh - Research Center of Tropical and Infectious Diseases, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.
Mohammad Amin Gorouhi - Research Center of Tropical and Infectious Diseases, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.
Iraj Sharifi - Leishmaniasis Research Center, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.
Zahra Zamaninasab - Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Faculty of Public Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.
Teimour Hazratian - Department of Parasitology and Mycology, Faculty of Medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.
Abbas Aghaei Afshar - Leishmaniasis Research Center, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.

Abstract:

Introduction: In this study, we aimed to identify the risk factors associated with the incidence of A.C.L in three endemic areas of Kerman City. Moreover, the residents’ knowledge, attitudes, and practices towards A.C.L were assessed. Materials and Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among ۱۹۵ residents of three endemic areas in Kerman City involved by A.C.L disease from January to March ۲۰۱۹. The risk factors for A.C.L were recorded using a checklist. Structured questionnaire was administered for data collection. Data were analyzed by ANOVA, correlation analysis, and linear regression via SPSS version ۲۲. Results: The main risk factors for A.C.L identified in the study areas included construction waste, presence of old and dilapidated houses, poor sanitary conditions, refugee and immigration, as well as the presence of domestic animals in close physical proximity to humans. The response rate of this questionnaire was ۱۰۰ %. Among the respondents, ۴۱.۵ % were males and ۵۸.۵ % were females. Majority of the respondents (۶۱%) claimed that they had heard about A.C.L and were familiar with this infectious disease. Only ۲۵%, ۶۶.۷%, and ۳۲% of the respondents had good knowledge, attitudes, and practices towards A.C.L, respectively. No significant association was found between the participants’ gender and their levels of knowledge (P = ۰.۸۲۷), attitudes (P = ۰.۴۴۶), and practices (P = ۰.۶۰۳). Conclusions: The residents of endemic areas had a weak level of knowledge towards A.C.L. So, educational programs should be implemented in order to improve the residents’ knowledge in Kerman City.

Keywords:

Paper COI Code

This Paper COI Code is JR_JEHSD-6-1_007. Also You can use the following address to link to this article. This link is permanent and is used as an article registration confirmation in the Civilica reference:

https://civilica.com/doc/1230208/

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Alizadeh, Ismaeil and Gorouhi, Mohammad Amin and Sharifi, Iraj and Zamaninasab, Zahra and Hazratian, Teimour and Aghaei Afshar, Abbas,1399,Risk Factors of Anthroponotic Cutaneous Leishmaniasis Among Residents in Endemic Communities in Southeast of Iran in ۲۰۱۹,https://civilica.com/doc/1230208

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Type of center: علوم پزشکی
Paper count: 2,159
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