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Title

The Impact of Foreign Direct Investment on Unemployment: Panel Data Approach

Year: 1399
COI: JR_IJSE-4-4_008
Language: EnglishView: 45
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Authors

Mustafa Alalawneh - PhD Student, Business School, Economic Department, Middlesex University, London, United Kingdom- Economic Department, Khazar University, Baku ۱۰۰۹, Azerbaijan
Azizun Nessa - Professor, Business School, Economic Department, Middlesex University, London, United Kingdom

Abstract:

The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of foreign direct investment on unemployment in six countries in the Middle East and North Africa, Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Tunisia, and Turkey, as this region is considered one of the most regions in the world with a high rate of unemployment. The study employed panel data for the period from ۱۹۹۰ to ۲۰۱۸, where three economic models were used to examine the impact of FDI on unemployment, male unemployment, and female unemployment, in the long run, using the Fixed Effect Model (FEM) and Random Effect Model (REM), in addition to finding the causal relationship in the short term using Panel VAR (Granger causality tests). The results showed that FDI reduces the unemployment rate, the male unemployment rate, and the female unemployment rate in the long run. The results of the study also revealed that there is no causal relationship in the short term between FDI and unemployment in its various forms, while there is a bidirectional causal relationship between FDI and exports according to the three economic models. This paper is the first of its kind in terms of examining the effect of FDI on unemployment in the six countries as a grouped and a sample of the MENA region.

Keywords:

Foreign Direct Investment; Unemployment Rate; Panel Data; Granger Causality; MENA.

Paper COI Code

This Paper COI Code is JR_IJSE-4-4_008. Also You can use the following address to link to this article. This link is permanent and is used as an article registration confirmation in the Civilica reference:

https://civilica.com/doc/1242100/

How to Cite to This Paper:

If you want to refer to this Paper in your research work, you can simply use the following phrase in the resources section:
Alalawneh, Mustafa and Nessa, Azizun,1399,The Impact of Foreign Direct Investment on Unemployment: Panel Data Approach,https://civilica.com/doc/1242100

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