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Title

Intracranial Mass Lesion Due to Fungal Infection: A Case Series and Review of Literature Series and Review of Literature

Year: 2020
COI: JR_IJN-6-3_010
Language: EnglishView: 52
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Authors

Ashok Gandhi - Department of Neurosurgery, SMS Medical College, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India.
Surendra Jain - Department of Neurosurgery, SMS Medical College, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India.
Sapna Gandhi - Department of Pathology, SMS Medical College, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India.
Keshav Mishra - Department of Neurosurgery, SMS Medical College, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India.
Sashikant Jain - Department of Neurosurgery, SMS Medical College, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India.

Abstract:

Background: Fungal infections of the central nervous system (CNS) usually present as subacute meningitis or intracranial space-occupying lesion with mass effect on surrounding structures and consequent focal neurological deficits. Intracranial fungal granulomas are often misdiagnosed clinically and radiologically as neoplastic lesions. Biopsy of the lesion is the only reliable technique to establish the correct diagnosis as well as to detect the causative fungal species. Voriconazole is a broad-spectrum triazole antifungal agent. It can be given orally and intravenously and has lesser adverse effects. Methods and Materials: In this article, we report a series of ۶ cases of biopsy-proven fungal granuloma with varied clinical and radiological presentations who were given treatment with voriconazole for ۶ months and demonstrated favorable response. Results: Out of ۶ patients (۴ males and ۲ females), ۱ was immunocompromised (DM with uncontrolled hyperglycemia). Headache was the most commonly observed symptom. Paranasal sinus and anterior cranial fossa were the most commonly affected site. Four patients received voriconazole therapy for ۱۲ months and ۱ received the same for ۶ months before showing clinical resolution of disease. There was ۱ death in the study group from non-related medical complications. Conclusion: Our series focuses on the correct diagnosis of fungal granuloma which can be achieved by biopsy and clinical evidence of the efficacy of voriconazole against intracranial fungal granuloma.

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Paper COI Code

This Paper COI Code is JR_IJN-6-3_010. Also You can use the following address to link to this article. This link is permanent and is used as an article registration confirmation in the Civilica reference:

https://civilica.com/doc/1262291/

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Gandhi, Ashok and Jain, Surendra and Gandhi, Sapna and Mishra, Keshav and Jain, Sashikant,2020,Intracranial Mass Lesion Due to Fungal Infection: A Case Series and Review of Literature Series and Review of Literature,https://civilica.com/doc/1262291

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