The Role of Anti-CCD Antibodies in Grape Allergy Diagnosis

Publish Year: 1392
نوع سند: مقاله ژورنالی
زبان: English
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شناسه ملی سند علمی:

JR_RBMB-1-2_005

تاریخ نمایه سازی: 10 شهریور 1400

Abstract:

Background: Allergens are mostly composed of glycoprotein structures. It is believed that glycan-specific antibodies may lead to false-positive reactions in immunoassays. In this study we investigated the glycosylation state of grape allergens as well as the presence of antibodies to cross-reactive carbohydrate determinants (anti-CCDs) in sera from grape-sensitive individuals. Methods: Grape extract proteins were electrotransferred onto PVDF membranes and their glycosylation states were analyzed by blotting methods. To assess the presence of anti-CCDs, natural and mildly deglycosylated proteins were immunoblotted with grape-allergic subjectschr('۳۹') sera. We also measured the IgE reactivity of each subject’s sera with other fruit extracts via an indirect ELISA. Results: Immunoblotting studies showed that mildly deglycosylated grape proteins had lower IgE-binding capacity than their intact natural counterparts, which could be due to the presence of anti-CCDs. Biotinylation studies confirmed that the glycosylation levels of the ۲۴, ۳۲, and ۶۰ kDa IgE-reactive proteins were higher than those of the ۳۸ and ۴۵ kDa ones. Lectin blotting showed that the ۲۴ and ۶۰ kDa bands were highly mannosylated, with the highest level of mannosylation on the ۲۴ kDa allergen. Conclusion: This study showed that some grape allergens are glycosylated and that anti-CCD antibodies may cause weakly false-positive results during assessment of IgE reactivity to grape allergens.

Authors

Reza Falak

Department of Immunology, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Mojtaba Sankian

Allergy Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran

Hanieh Ketabdar

Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Islamic Azad University, Mashhad Branch, Mashhad, Iran

Malihe Moghadam

Allergy Research Center, School of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran

Abdol-Reza Varasteh

Allergy Research Center, School of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran