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Chemical composition analysis of the essential oil of new species of Satureja L., Satureja kermanica, from south-east of Iran

مجله گیاهان دارویی، دوره: 2، شماره: 2
Year: 1400
COI: JR_ETPHPR-2-2_006
Language: EnglishView: 20
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Farkhondeh Rezanejad - Department of Biology, Shahid Bahonar Univ. of Kerman, Kerman, Iran
Setareh Rokh - Department of Biology, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman, Iran
Zahra Bahmani - Department of Biology, Tabriz University, Tabriz, Iran


Satureja L. is one of the typical plants of the Lamiaceae family, and its essential oil has a wide variation of composition depending on the spices, growing area and climate conditions. Recently, Satureja kermanica (Kerman savory or ezgen) has been identified as a new species from south-east of Iran using morphological and molecular phylogenetic analyses. The essential oils have many applications in the pharmaceutical, food and cosmetic industries. The analysis and identification of the chemical composition of essential oils (EOs) was performed using the (GC-MS). Fifteen components were identified representing ۹۹.۶% of the entire essential oil composition, ۹۵.۳۹% of monoterpenes, ۲.۳۵% of sesquiterpenes and ۱.۸۶% of other compounds. The EOs of S. kermanica were dominated by the presence ۵۱.۳۰% thymol and ۲۵.۸۸% γ-Terpinene as major constitutes accounting for ۷۷.۸۱% of total oil components. The other compounds of essential oils were p-cymene (۵.۴۵%) carvacro (۴.۲۸%), α- terpinene (۳.۲۳%), (E)-caryophyllene (۲.۳۵%), β- pinene (۱.۷۵%), α- thujene (۱.۵۳%) and n-nonadecane (۱.۱۳%).The presence of thymol, γ-Terpinene, p-cymene, carvacrol, α- Terpinene and (E)-caryophyllene, as main essential oils in lamiaceae family, in this new species indicate to its significant activities in food, cosmetics and medicine industries.


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Rezanejad, Farkhondeh and Rokh, Setareh and Bahmani, Zahra,1400,Chemical composition analysis of the essential oil of new species of Satureja L., Satureja kermanica, from south-east of Iran,

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