Comparative effects of Curcuma longa and curcumin on paraquat-induced systemic and lung oxidative stress and inflammation in rats

Publish Year: 1401
نوع سند: مقاله ژورنالی
زبان: English
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JR_AJP-12-4_007

تاریخ نمایه سازی: 27 اردیبهشت 1401

Abstract:

Objective: Comparative effect of Curcuma longa (C. longa) ethanolic extract and curcumin on paraquat (PQ)-induced systemic and lung oxidative stress and inflammation were evaluated in the present study.Materials and Methods: Control animals were exposed to normal saline and PQ group to ۵۴ mg/m۳ PQ aerosols (۸ times, each time for ۳۰ min). Treatment groups were exposed to PQ and treated with ۱۵۰ and ۶۰۰ mg/kg/day C. longa, or ۳۰ and ۱۲۰ mg/kg/day curcumin after PQ exposure period for ۱۶ days. Total and differential white blood cells (WBC) and oxidative markers were measured both in bronchoalveolar lavage (BALF) and blood at the end of the study.Results: Total and differential WBC counts as well as malondialdehyde (MDA) level were significantly increased but total thiol content and the activities of catalase (CAT) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) were reduced in both the BALF and blood of the PQ group in comparison with the control group (p<۰.۰۵ to p<۰.۰۰۱). Both doses of C. longa and curcumin diminished MDA level, total and differential WBC counts in the blood and BALF but increased CAT and SOD activities in both of them compared to PQ group (p<۰.۰۵ to p<۰.۰۰۱). The effects of C. longa and curcumin high dose on most variables were markedly more than low dose (p<۰.۰۵ to p<۰.۰۰۱). Furthermore, the effects of curcumin on some variables were markedly more than C. longa (p<۰.۰۵ to p<۰.۰۰۱).Conclusion: Both C. longa and curcumin improved PQ-induced systemic and lung inflammation and oxidative stress, but the effect of curcumin was more prominent.

Authors

Seyedeh Zahra Ghasemi

Applied Biomedical Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran

Arghavan Memarzia

Department of Physiology, School of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran

Sepideh Behrouz

Department of Physiology, School of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Ira

Zahra Gholamnezhad

Department of Physiology, School of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iransiology

Mohammad Hossein Boskabady

Applied Biomedical Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran