Nutrient Intake during Ramadan in Fasting People Referring to Health Centers in Qom, Iran

Publish Year: 1396
نوع سند: مقاله ژورنالی
زبان: English
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شناسه ملی سند علمی:

JR_JHSME-4-2_002

تاریخ نمایه سازی: 2 مهر 1401

Abstract:

Background and Objectives: During Ramadan, the ninth month in the Islamic calendar, Muslims abstain from eating and drinking from sunrise adhaan to sunset adhaan. This long fasting period can cause change in certain metabolic and hormonal indices and affect eating behaviors and nutrient intake. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to assess nutrient intake in fasting people in Qom, Iran. Methods: We enrolled ۱۲۰ fasting people aged ۲۰-۴۵ years old living in Qom in Ramadan, ۲۰۱۴. A dietary records questionnaire was used to survey the nutrient intake. All questionnaires were collected after three days. The nutrient intake was determined by Nutritionist IV software and then data compared with recommended values. Results: Energy and macronutrients intake were higher than the recommended values (carbohydrate, ۱۱۰%; protein, ۱۳۹%; and fat, ۱۱۴% of daily values). Except iron (۱۹.۸ mg or ۱۰۸% of daily value), intake of all other micronutrients was lower than the recommended values. Conclusion: The nutrient intake of fasting people in Qom is not appropriate, and is characterized by increased intake of energy and energy suppliers. Therefore, given the undeniable role of proper and adequate nutrient intake in health, it seems necessary for fasting people to receive nutrition education to enhance nutrient intake from various food groups.

Authors

Mohammad Hozoori

Department of Community Medicine, School of Medicine, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran

Azadeh Kohandani

Young Researchers and Elite Club, Qom Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

Ali Mohammadi Veldani

Spiritual Health Research Center, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran.

Maryam Mirizadeh

Spiritual Health Research Center, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran.

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